Journal article  Open Access

A self-training automatic infant-cry detector

Coro G., Bardelli S., Cuttano A., Scaramuzzo R. T., Ciantelli M.

Artificial intelligence  Neonatology  Infant-cry detection  Audio processing  Machine learning  Early diagnosis 

Infant cry is one of the first distinctive and informative life signals observed after birth. Neonatologists and automatic assistive systems can analyse infant cry to early-detect pathologies. These analyses extensively use reference expert-curated databases containing annotated infant-cry audio samples. However, these databases are not publicly accessible because of their sensitive data. Moreover, the recorded data can under-represent specific phenomena or the operational conditions required by other medical teams. Additionally, building these databases requires significant investments that few hospitals can afford. This paper describes an open-source workflow for infant-cry detection, which identifies audio segments containing high-quality infant-cry samples with no other overlapping audio events (e.g. machine noise or adult speech). It requires minimal training because it trains an LSTM-with-self-attention model on infant-cry samples automatically detected from the recorded audio through cluster analysis and HMM classification. The audio signal processing uses energy and intonation acoustic features from 100-ms segments to improve spectral robustness to noise. The workflow annotates the input audio with intervals containing infant-cry samples suited for populating a database for neonatological and early diagnosis studies. On 16 min of hospital phone-audio recordings, it reached sufficient infant-cry detection accuracy in 3 neonatal care environments (nursery--69%, sub-intensive--82%, intensive--77%) involving 20 infants subject to heterogeneous cry stimuli, and had substantial agreement with an expert's annotation. Our workflow is a cost-effective solution, particularly suited for a sub-intensive care environment, scalable to monitor from one to many infants. It allows a hospital to build and populate an extensive high-quality infant-cry database with a minimal investment.

Source: Neural computing & applications (Print) (2023). doi:10.1007/s00521-022-08129-w

Publisher: Springer., Godalming, Regno Unito


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BibTeX entry
	title = {A self-training automatic infant-cry detector},
	author = {Coro G. and Bardelli S. and Cuttano A. and Scaramuzzo R. T. and Ciantelli M.},
	publisher = {Springer., Godalming, Regno Unito},
	doi = {10.1007/s00521-022-08129-w},
	journal = {Neural computing \& applications (Print)},
	year = {2023}

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