Journal article  Open Access

Detection of Face Recognition Adversarial Attacks

Massoli F. V., Carrara F., Amato G., Falchi F.

Computer Science - Machine Learning  Adversarial detection  Artificial Intelligence  Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition  Deep Learning  Face Recognition  Adversarial attacks  I.2.6  Signal Processing  Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (cs.CV)  FOS: Computer and information sciences  I.2.0  Software  Machine Learning (cs.LG)  Adversarial biometrics  Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 

Deep Learning methods have become state-of-the-art for solving tasks such as Face Recognition (FR). Unfortunately, despite their success, it has been pointed out that these learning models are exposed to adversarial inputs - images to which an imperceptible amount of noise for humans is added to maliciously fool a neural network - thus limiting their adoption in sensitive real-world applications. While it is true that an enormous effort has been spent to train robust models against this type of threat, adversarial detection techniques have recently started to draw attention within the scientific community. The advantage of using a detection approach is that it does not require to re-train any model; thus, it can be added to any system. In this context, we present our work on adversarial detection in forensics mainly focused on detecting attacks against FR systems in which the learning model is typically used only as features extractor. Thus, training a more robust classifier might not be enough to counteract the adversarial threats. In this frame, the contribution of our work is four-fold: (i) we test our proposed adversarial detection approach against classification attacks, i.e., adversarial samples crafted to fool an FR neural network acting as a classifier; (ii) using a k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN) algorithm as a guide, we generate deep features attacks against an FR system based on a neural network acting as features extractor, followed by a similarity-based procedure which returns the query identity; (iii) we use the deep features attacks to fool an FR system on the 1:1 face verification task, and we show their superior effectiveness with respect to classification attacks in evading such type of system; (iv) we use the detectors trained on the classification attacks to detect the deep features attacks, thus showing that such approach is generalizable to different classes of offensives.

Source: Computer vision and image understanding (Print) 202 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2020.103103

Publisher: Academic Press,, San Diego , Stati Uniti d'America

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BibTeX entry
	title = {Detection of Face Recognition Adversarial Attacks},
	author = {Massoli F. V. and Carrara F. and Amato G. and Falchi F.},
	publisher = {Academic Press,, San Diego , Stati Uniti d'America},
	doi = {10.1016/j.cviu.2020.103103 and 10.48550/arxiv.1912.02918},
	journal = {Computer vision and image understanding (Print)},
	volume = {202},
	year = {2020}

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