Models of Open Access publishing
Green Open Access – the author publishes his work in traditional journals and deposits the version allowed by the publisher in an institutional or disciplinary repository. The author defines the conditions of access and reuse of his work on the basis of the contract signed with the publisher.
Gold Open Access – the author publishes in peer-reviewed Open Access journals, accessible without subscription, which makes the papers freely and immediately accessible to the public at the time of publication. In this case the author retains the copyright on his work, although in some cases (around 30%) the payment of an Article Processing Charge (APC) is requested to the author for publication. The cost of the APC can be supported by the institution or be foreseen by the funding body.
Red Open Access – the author publishes in “hybrid” journals, since these are accessible only upon subscription. The author still has to pay a fee to make his work open.
SHERPA/ROMEO – an archive of international publishers’ copyright and self-archiving policies.
University of Turin database – list of copyright policies of publishers not present in Sherpa/Romeo.
ISTI Journals of interest – list of journals’ copyright policies.
SHERPA/FACT – ‹‹…is a tool to help researchers check if the journals in which they wish to publish their results comply with their funder's requirements for open access to research.››
SHERPA/JULIET – ‹‹…enables researchers and librarians to see funders' conditions for open access publication.››
How to comply with Horizon 2020
In the new EU funding program Open Access is defined as a general principle:
- Open Access to publications is mandatory for all projects except in the case of patents or when necessary to protect the confidentiality and protection of personal data.
- Open access to the data is compulsory from January 2017 for all projects that collect or generate data (except ERC PoC actions, SME instrument Ph1 actions, ERA-NET Cofund actions that do not produce data, EJP Cofund actions, and prizes). However, actions may opt out at any stage — both before signing the GA and afterwards (through an amendment) if participation is incompatible with the obligation to protect results.
- All H2020 projects must therefore provide Open Access to all peer-reviewed scientific publications resulting from the project activities.
- Member States are required to adopt a repository and to align national policies and infrastructures to implement the Open Access.
The defiance of any obligation under the Grant Agreement can have economic consequences such as the reduction of the grant.
The section 29.2 of the Grant Agreement (GA) focuses on the dissemination of publications by the consortium beneficiaries. The model indicates to file:
- the electronic copy of the work in the published version or in the final version, peer-reviewed, already accepted for publication;
- the copy should be filed as soon as possible and at the latest at the time of publication, in:
- an institutional repository (if available);
- Zenodo (multidisciplinary repository maintained by the CERN);
- a thematic repository.
- Open access to the copy filed in the repository must be guaranteed:
- at the time of publication, if there is a version allowed by the publisher for Open Access (usually the post-print or the author's final version, without editorial layout);
- within 6 months of publication (12 months in the humanities and social sciences) if an embargo period is applicable.
The section 29.2 of the GA also specifies that the beneficiary must ensure free access to bibliographic metadata of the deposited publication.
The metadata must be in a standard format and include:
- the terms "European Union (EU)" and "Horizon 2020"
- the name of the action, the acronym and the grant number;
- the publication date and length of embargo period if applicable;
- a persistent identifier (e.g. DOI).