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2018 Report Restricted
Ship Kinematics Estimation (SKE) module - Vessel kinematics estimation through SAR/Optical Imagery Processing
Reggiannini M., Bedini L.
The main goal of the work described in this report concerns the estimation of the kinematics variables related to the motion of a navigating vessel. One way to perform such operations is to process maps captured by Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and optical sensors installed on board of satellite constellations orbiting around earth-centred trajectories. The primary goal of this processing is to identify and analyze the wake traces left by navigating vessels on the water surface. Wakes can be typically observed in high resolution SAR and optical maps. A proper processing of these surface patterns allows to estimate the orientation of the vessel motion ({\it route}) and the corresponding velocity module. The resulting estimates can be exploited in the implementation of maritime surveillance and vessel traffic monitoring purposes. This document describes the design and the implementation of the software procedures dedicated to the aforementioned purposes, together combined in the software tool named Ship Kinematics Estimation module.Source: ISTI Technical Reports, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Beyond trans-dimensional RJMCMC with a case study in impulsive data modeling
Karakus O., Kuruoglu E. E., Altinkaya M. A.
Reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC) is a Bayesian model estimation method, which has been generally used for trans-dimensional sampling and model order selection studies in the literature. In this study, we draw attention to unexplored potentials of RJMCMC beyond trans-dimensional sampling. the proposed usage, which we call trans-space RJMCMC exploits the original formulation to explore spaces of different classes or structures. This provides flexibility in using different types of candidate classes in the combined model space such as spaces of linear and nonlinear models or of various distribution families. As an application, we looked into a special case of trans-space sampling, namely trans-distributional RJMCMC in impulsive data modeling. In many areas such as seismology, radar, image, using Gaussian models is a common practice due to analytical ease. However, many noise processes do not follow a Gaussian character and generally exhibit events too impulsive to be successfully described by the Gaussian model. We test the proposed usage of RJMCMC to choose between various impulsive distribution families to model both synthetically generated noise processes and real-life measurements on power line communications impulsive noises and 2-D discrete wavelet transform coefficients. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Source: Signal processing (Print) 153 (2018): 396–410. doi:10.1016/j.sigpro.2018.07.028
DOI: 10.1016/j.sigpro.2018.07.028
DOI: 10.48550/arxiv.1711.03633
Project(s): PTDC/EEA-TEL/67979/2006 via OpenAIRE

See at: Aperta - TÜBİTAK Açık Arşivi Open Access | arXiv.org e-Print Archive Open Access | Signal Processing Open Access | DSpace@IZTECH Open Access | DSpace@IZTECH Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | Signal Processing Restricted | doi.org Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted | research-information.bris.ac.uk Restricted | www.sciencedirect.com Restricted

2018 Conference article Open Access OPEN
UAVs and UAV swarms for civilian applications: communications and image processing in the SCIADRO project
Bacco M., Chessa S., Di Benedetto M., Fabbri D., Girolami M., Gotta A., Moroni D., Pascali M. A., Pellegrini V.
The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), or drones, is increasingly common in both research and industrial fields. Nowadays, the use of single UAVs is quite established and several products are already available to consumers, while UAV swarms are still subject of research and development. This position paper describes the objectives of a research project, namely SCIADRO2, which deals with innovative applications and network architectures based on the use of UAVs and UAV swarms in several civilian fields.Source: WiSATS 2017 - International Conference on Wireless and Satellite Systems, pp. 115–124, Oxford, UK, 14-15 September 2017
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76571-6_12

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | doi.org Restricted | link.springer.com Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Synthetic aperture radar processing for vessel kinematics estimation
Reggiannini M., Bedini L.
Navigating vessels leave traces of their motion in the form of wake patterns on the water surface. Wakes are visible in high resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar maps and bear information related to the kinematic variables of the vessel motion. A proper processing of the wake pattern allows to estimate the vessel heading and velocity. This information can be exploited in decision procedures concerning maritime surveillance and ship traffic monitoring. This document describes the design and implementation of software procedures with the purpose of estimating the motion parameters of a navigating vessel, through processing the wake pattern generated by the vessel itself.Source: Proceedings (MDPI) 2 (2018). doi:10.3390/proceedings2020091
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020091
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159154
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159153

See at: doi.org Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Size and Heading of SAR-Detected Ships through the Inertia Tensor
Bedini L., Righi M., Salerno E.
We present a strategy to estimate the heading, the length overall and the beam overall of targets already detected as ships in a wide-swath SAR image acquired by a satellite platform. Such images are often affected by distortions due to marine clutter, spectral leakage, or antenna sidelobes. These can mask the target image, thus hampering the possibility of evaluating the size and the behaviour of the ship. Even in the presence of strong artefacts, we found that the principal inertia axes can help the estimation of the target heading and be included in an iterative procedure to erode the false target features, so to enable a more accurate evaluation of the overall measurements of the ship. Here we introduce our idea and present some results obtained from real SAR images.Source: Proceedings (MDPI) 2 (2018). doi:10.3390/proceedings2020097
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020097
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159166
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159165

See at: doi.org Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Towards multimodal surveillance for smart building security
Amato G., Barsocchi P., Falchi F., Ferro E., Gennaro C., Leone G. R., Moroni D., Salvetti O., Vairo C.
The main goal of a surveillance system is to collect information in a sensing environment and notify unexpected behavior. Information provided by single sensor and surveillance technology may not be sufficient to understand the whole context of the monitored environment. On the other hand, by combining information coming from different sources, the overall performance of a surveillance system can be improved. In this paper, we present the Smart Building Suite, in which independent and different technologies are developed in order to realize a multimodal surveillance system.Source: Proceedings (MDPI) 2 (2018). doi:10.3390/proceedings2020095
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020095
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159162
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159161

See at: doi.org Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Computational topology to monitor human occupancy
Barsocchi P., Cassará P., Giorgi D., Moroni D., Pascali M. A.
The recent advances in sensing technologies, embedded systems, and wireless communication technologies, make it possible to develop smart systems to monitor human activities continuously. The occupancy of specific areas or rooms in a smart building is an important piece of information, to infer the behavior of people, or to trigger an advanced surveillancemodule. We propose a method based on computational topology to infer the occupancy of a room monitored for a week by a system of low-cost sensors.Source: Proceedings (MDPI) 2 (2018). doi:10.3390/proceedings2020099
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020099
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159169
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159170

See at: doi.org Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted | www.mdpi.com Restricted

2018 Report Closed Access
e-Rés@mont - Manuale di utilizzo del sistema di Teleconsulto e-Rés@mont
Martinelli M., Pratali L.
Il presente manuale descrive tutte le funzionalità del software "Teleconsulto - Servizio di Teleconsulto Medico Innovativo", sistema nato con lo scopo di supportare infermieri e medici nelle visite e teleconsulti medici nell'ambito del progetto Interreg Alcotra e-Rés@mont. Il sistema è stato ideato implementato dal CNR-ISTI in collaborazione con il personale medico di CNR-IFC sulla base dei requisiti definiti insieme all'Azienda USL della Val d'Aosta e Fondazione Montagna Sicura, partner italiani del progetto e-Rés@mont. In questo documento vengono descritti tutti i passaggi per la compilazione delle diverse sezioni del sistema, dalla login, all'inserimento dei dati anagrafici , alla visualizzazione degli score di rischio e suggerimenti, fino alla conferma infermieristica. Vine inoltre descritta la Videoconferenza e la chat realizzata ad-hoc.Source: Project report, e-Rés@mont, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Report Closed Access
e-Rés@mont - Rapporto finale di avanzamento del Progetto programma Alcotra
Tonetti R., Giardini G., Pratali L., Martinelli M., Pasini E., Castiglion A.
Gli obiettivi principali di questo documento sono di: - permettere il monitoraggio e l'accompagnamento del progetto da parte del programma; - verificare se il progetto progredisce in coerenza con quanto previsto (risultati, piano di lavoro, budget, comunicazione); - verificare la qualità delle realizzazioni e dei risultati del progetto e verificare la concreta cooperazione tra i beneficiari (coinvolgimento dei partner); - verificare il coinvolgimento degli stakeholders e dei gruppi target; - fornire informazioni relative alla comunicazione e pubblicità del progetto, utili per la comunicazione a livello di programma.Source: Project report, e-Rés@mont, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Environmental monitoring integrated with a proactive marine information system
Moroni D., Pieri G., Tampucci M., Salvetti O.
In the framework of environmental monitoring, the remote detection and monitoring of oil spills at sea is an important ability due to the high demand of oil based products. This situation causes, that shipping routes are very crowded and the likelihood of oil slicks occurring is also increasing. In this paper we propose a fully integrated and inter-operable information system which can act as a valuable monitoring tool. Such a marine information system is able to monitor ship traffic and marine operators by integrating heterogeneous signals and data through sensing capabilities from a variety of electronic sensors, along with geo-positioning tools, and through a communication infrastructure. This system is able to transfer the integrated data, freely and seamlessly, between different elements of the system itself (and their users). The system also provides a set of decision support services capable of performing functionalities which can act as a support for decision makers.Source: Proceedings (MDPI) 2 (2018). doi:10.3390/proceedings2020098
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020098
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159167
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1159168
Project(s): ARGOMARINE via OpenAIRE

See at: doi.org Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted

2018 Report Restricted
A prototype of a wearable, wireless system for measuring leg strength
Magrini M., Righi M., Carboni A., Martinelli M., Pardini F.
This technical report describes the R&D activity regarding the realization of a prototype of a wearable wireless device which records the characteristics of body movements. The device is connected via Bluetooth to a smartphone, able to display the acceleration curves and send the recorded data to a server for storage, further processing and analysis.Source: ISTI Technical reports, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Report Open Access OPEN
Sistema interattivo dedicato all'attività motoria e cognitiva assistita
Magrini M., Barcaro U., Dolciotti C.
In questo documento è descritto un sistema informatico di ausilio all'attività motoria e cognitiva assistita svolta presso una residenza sociale assistita (RSA). Tale attività viene svolta bisettimanalmente, con l'aiuto degli operatori, da soggetti con patologie lievi o moderate. Il sistema è stato integrato nei servizi previsti dal progetto regionale INTESA.Source: Project report, INTESA, 2018

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
Sparse representation based inpainting for the restoration of document images affected by bleed-through
Hanif M., Tonazzini A., Savino P., Salerno E.
Bleed-through is a commonly encountered degradation in ancient printed documents and manuscripts, which severely impair their readability. Digital image restoration techniques can be effective to remove or significantly reduce this degradation. In bleed-through document image restoration the main issue is to identify the bleed-through pixels and replace them with appropriate values, in accordance to their surroundings. In this paper, we propose a two stage method, where a pair of properly registered images of the document recto and verso is first used to locate the bleed-through pixels in each side, and then a sparse representation based image inpainting technique is used to fill-in the bleed-through areas according to the neighbourhood, in such a way to preserve the original appearance of the document. The advantages of the proposed inpainting technique over state-of-the-art methods are illustrated by the improvement in the visual results.Source: Proceedings (MDPI) 2 (2018). doi:10.3390/proceedings2020093
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2020093

See at: doi.org Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
A marine information system for environmental monitoring: ARGO-MIS
Pieri G., Cocco M., Salvetti O.
Sea shipping routes have become very crowded and this, coupled with an always increasing demand of oil based products, contributes to the increase in maritime traffic density, as a consequence pollution risks have increased. Therefore, it is important to have information systems capable of detecting and monitoring environmental endangering situations like oil spills at sea. In this paper, a Marine Information System, acting as an integrated and inter-operable monitoring tool is proposed and discussed. The discussion focuses on a system that is able to integrate different data acquired from various electronic sensors, and that is inter-operable among marine operators and ship traffic authorities. The available data on the system are all geo-referenced, and flows seamlessly through the system, where they are integrated in a consistent and usable manner. An important result of this integration is the capability to produce a collection of proactive services such as Decision Support ones, which can be used to improve the functionalities and facilities concerned in an intervention operation. Through the implementation of these services, we aim to demonstrate how an efficient environmental management system could benefit from being supported by a Marine Information System that can provide the dynamic links between different data, models and actors.Source: Journal of marine science and engineering 6 (2018). doi:10.3390/jmse6010015
DOI: 10.3390/jmse6010015
Project(s): ARGOMARINE via OpenAIRE

See at: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access

2018 Report Closed Access
Intelligent approaches to fitness and well-being guidance
Martinelli M., Carboni A., Magrini M., Benassi A., Salvetti O.
The purpose of this research is to offer a complete picture on the use of assistive technologies in general, artificial intelligence and machine learning methods, for the determination of behaviors and decisions aimed at optimizing the analysis of the physical performance of the athlete. The solutions discussed can be merged to implement a system able to propose, automatically and dynamically, training plans linked to the physical and psychological conditions of the athletes. However, the treatment is also addressed to a possible application to different person categories, such as people performing normal physical activities, the elderly, disabled and ore in general people suffering from psycho-motor and muscular pathologies with the aim of improving skeletal muscle physio aspects.Source: Project report, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Contribution to journal Open Access OPEN
Special Issue "Maritime Environment Monitoring"
Pieri G., Salvetti O.
Protection and monitoring of maritime environments have become increasingly important due to several different factors. The reasons behind this increase are very heterogeneous and range from the high demand of oil-based products, leading to a growth of maritime traffic, to the increased amount of garbage produced by society, which endangers both protected and regular coastal and marine areas, and, furthermore, with the fast and great rise of migration flows arriving to Western countries. All these factors, combined with the augmented computational and storage capability of technological systems, and with an increased availability of data regarding the marine and maritime environment, has made it possible to have a range of varieties of information systems for the study, monitoring, and proactive support to decision makers. In general, these information systems respond to the needs in the development of intelligent systems dealing with the management of maritime spatial data, for applications related to either scientific research, safety, or maritime industry. This Special Issue aims to cover these various and heterogeneous aspects, related to maritime environment monitoring, bringing together researchers in their respective fields to share their experiences. The main subjects covered by this Special Issue can be summarized by the following five topics: Research and applications on maritime systems for the support of decision makers; Research on sensors and marine data acquisition and management; Research on the smart management and integration of real-time maritime heterogeneous data; Research and applications on smart interfaces for the management of real-time maritime information systems Research and applications for the support of maritime industry and related organizations. Dr. Gabriele Pieri Dr. Ovidio Salvetti Guest EditorsSource: Basel: MDPI AG, 2018
Project(s): ARGOMARINE via OpenAIRE

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access

2018 Report Closed Access
SCIADRO - A deep learning approach to power line components recognition
Martinelli M., Moroni D.
The purpose of this research is to describe the first fully working prototype able to recognize power line components.Source: Project report, SCIADRO, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2018 Conference article Open Access OPEN
INTESA: an integrated ICT solution for promoting wellbeing in older people
Barcaro U., Barsocchi P., Crivello A., Delmastro F., Di Martino F., Distefano E., Dolciotti C., La Rosa D., Magrini M., Palumbo F.
As populations become increasingly aged, it is more important than ever to promote "Active Ageing" life styles among older people. Age-related frailty can influence an individual's physiological state making him more vulnerable and prone to dependency or reduced life expectancy. These health issues contribute to an increased demand for medical and social care, thus economic costs. In this context, the INTESA project aims at developing a holistic solution for older adults, able to prolong their functional and cognitive capacity by empowering, stimulating, and unobtrusively monitoring the daily activities according to well-defined "Active Ageing" life-style protocols.Source: AI*AAL.it 2017 Artificial Intelligence for Ambient Assisted Living, pp. 102–117, Bari, Italy, 16-17/11/2017

See at: ceur-ws.org Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access

2018 Report Unknown
Metamolds: Computational design of silicone molds
Alderighi T., Malomo L., Giorgi D., Pietroni N., Bickel B., Cignoni P.
We propose a new method for fabricating digital objects through reusable silicone molds. Molds are generated by casting liquid silicone into custom 3D printed containers called metamolds. Metamolds automatically define the cuts that are needed to extract the cast object from the silicone mold. The shape of metamolds is designed through a novel segmentation technique, which takes into account both geometric and topological constraints involved in the process of mold casting. Our technique is simple, does not require to change the shape or topology of the input objects, and only requires off-the-shelf materials and technologies. We successfully tested our method on a set of challenging examples with complex shapes and rich geometric detail.Source: ISTI Technical reports, 2018
Project(s): EMOTIVE via OpenAIRE

See at: CNR ExploRA

2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN
I classici esperimenti di Wertheimer del 1912, in un approccio per processi concorrenti
Beltrame R.
Lo scritto ripercorre con un approccio per processi concorrenti i risultati di un gruppo dei classici esperimenti di Wertheimer pubblicati nel 1912 [Wertheimer 1912]. Vi è pure l'interesse a sperimentare l'impiego di questo approccio in situazioni di cui si ammira ogni volta l'intelligenza e la chiarezza: si tratta del resto di un classico della psicologia del primo '900. Per maggiori dettagli sull'approccio a processi concorrenti qui adottato, dove i processi fluiscono in parallelo con reciproche interazioni variabili nel tempo e la loro risultante può far crescere o diminuire il loro livello di attività, si rimanda a [Beltrame 2016]. È uno scritto piuttosto lungo, che delinea gli aspetti salienti di questo approccio, ed evidenzia in che modo il variare dell'interazione col funzionamento permetta di integrare nello svolgersi dell'attività le funzioni attribuite alla memoria umana.Source: Methodologia online WP 322 (2018).

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.methodologia.it Open Access