8 result(s)
Page Size: 10, 20, 50
Export: bibtex, xml, json, csv
Order by:

CNR Author operator: and / or
Typology operator: and / or
Language operator: and / or
Date operator: and / or
Rights operator: and / or
2020 Conference object Open Access OPEN

Open Access - A never-ending transition?
Giannini S., Molino A.
In more than fifteen years, the landscape surrounding scholarly communication has been undergoing an overextended transition phase towards Open Science. Indeed, the Budapest Open Access Initiative, the first statement of principles on open access to research literature, dates back to 2002, immediately followed by the Bethesda Statement and the Berlin Declaration (2003). However, this seems not to be enough, as far as we are still referring to Open Access as a transitional process. The concept has undoubtedly evolved through time: at the beginning, the primary purpose was to remove economic, legal and technical barriers imposed to scientific production; nowadays, the attention has been shifted to the communication processes among scientific communities and the openness towards the external audience, establishing a bridge between science and society. In this light, various funders invested resources in favor of the promotion of OA. For instance, the European Commission published a series of recommendations (2012/417/UE and 2018/790) "on access to and preservation of scientific information" and, together with other funders, now require Open Access to scientific production as mandatory for projects funded in their granting schemes. In the meantime, more and more institutions have been adopting policies to regulate and promote Open Access to scientific production. Nevertheless, on the publishers' side, the APC (Article Processing Charge) model is currently the wider spread among the dominant publishing houses as the option for making the work immediately and openly available to the scientific community. For this reason, a growing number of academic institutions and research bodies are negotiating different kinds of contracts with publishers, if not terminating them at all (e.g., the University of California or Max Planck Society canceled their contracts with Elsevier). As a response, proposals like PlanS1 and AmeliCA2 aroused to turn OA into concrete action. Our work aims to demonstrate how the research landscape has been changing over the years due to the establishment of the OA principles. We will go through the most significant steps of the OA movement, giving an overview of the tools developed from the late Nineties till the present time to favor the production, sharing and storing of OA material; the principal types and trends of policies adopted; the main legislative issues regarding scientific publication (e.g., the creation of CC licenses). We will concentrate on how research practices have been unarguably modifying in the last two decades, to outline what and where are the obstacles and challenges that leave society in a never-ending transition towards Open Science.Source: Twenty-First International Conference on Grey Literature, pp. 67–88, Hannover, Germany, 22-23 October 2019

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2020 Report Open Access OPEN

Le biblioteche italiane durante la pandemia COVID-19: un'indagine sui servizi
Giannini S., Lombardi S., Molino A.
A causa della pandemia causata dal Covid-19, dalla metà del mese di febbraio le biblioteche in Italia hanno iniziato gradualmente a chiudere al pubblico. In un lasso di tempo molto breve, i bibliotecari italiani si sono trovati a dover implementare soluzioni diverse per garantire l'erogazione dei servizi e il supporto all'utenza anche da remoto. Lo scopo della nostra indagine è quello di fornire una fotografia della situazione in cui si sono trovate ad operare le biblioteche italiane durante la fase 1 della pandemia, in particolare nel periodo marzo-aprile 2020. Abbiamo cercato di capire in che modo i bibliotecari italiani hanno reagito alle sfide poste da questa particolare e improvvisa situazione, e in quale misura le modalità eccezionali adottate durante l'emergenza possano diventare degli standard lavorativi nel futuro. Per raggiungere questo obiettivo, abbiamo proposto alla comunità dei bibliotecari italiani un questionario strutturato in tredici sezioni, ciascuna corrispondente a un aspetto specifico che intendevamo analizzare. Abbiamo collezionato 1134 risposte anonime in undici giorni, provenienti dall'intero panorama bibliotecario italiano. I risultati ci hanno dimostrato che i bibliotecari italiani si sono adattati abbastanza rapidamente alla nuova realtà lavorativa con un grado di difficoltà medio. In generale, c'è stato un uso estensivo dei mezzi digitali. Inoltre, nonostante le comunicazioni con l'utenza siano state principalmente virtuali, la consapevolezza del pubblico nei confronti della biblioteca e dei suoi servizi sembrerebbe essere rimasta quantomeno stabile, se non aumentata. La maggior parte dei compilatori ritiene che quanto sperimentato durante la fase 1 dell'emergenza porterà sicuramente a delle conseguenze nella vita delle biblioteche e per le modalità lavorative dei bibliotecari anche nel futuro.Source: ISTI Technical Reports 009/2020, 2020, 2020
DOI: 10.32079/ISTI-TR-2020/009
DOI: 10.32079/isti-tr-2020/009

See at: DOI Resolver Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2019 Conference object Open Access OPEN

The data librarian: Myth, reality or Utopia?
Giannini S., Molino A.
The emergence of e-science and e-research has opened new paths and trends in scholarly communication and management. In the academic environment, the need for opening research products to a wider audience has become increasingly urgent. In this perspective, the Open Science (OS) movement is growing considerably in academia and among scientists worldwide. Two fundamental aspects of OS are the Open Access (OA) to scientific publication and the possibility of discovery, sharing and exploit the data used for or produced during the research process. The need for creating Open Data (OD) is profoundly changing the perspectives adopted by researchers during the scientific production, as research data is increasingly recognized as a primary research output. Not surprisingly, in order to have access to grants, funding bodies such as the European Commission, the Wellcome Trust and the RCUK in UK, the Australian Research Council in Australia, or the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. ask for a Data Management Plan (DMP) accompanying the project proposal. In this perspective, many academic libraries are now extending their century-long track record in the professional management of knowledge resources towards the area of research data, seeking to maximize research data skills among staff in their organisations. Academic libraries are indeed increasingly involved in the management of research data across the lifecycle, actively participating in tasks such as providing access to data, supporting researchers in managing their data and drafting DMPs, as well as managing data collections. Given this framework, it becomes clear that the "librarian" represents a constantly evolving profile. Our work will propose an overview of the competencies required to the librarian operating in academic libraries nowadays, delivering examples and making comparisons between different experiences worldwide. Special attention will be granted to the educational aspects necessary to accomplish with the actual skills required to research librarians, being training a fundamental aspect in the development and definition of this profession, highlighting the similarities and differences in educational proposals among different academic institutions. We will focus on the following questions: what is currently missing in the background of librarians? Should it be implemented or we must consider the data librarian as a brand-new profile? Our aim will be trying to give possible answers and outline specific qualifications required to those currently operating in academic libraries.Source: LL2120th International Conference on Grey Literature: Research Data Fuels and Sustains Grey Literature, GL 2018; Loyola University New OrleansNew Orleans; United Twentieth International Conference on Grey Literature, pp. 51–66, New Orleans, USA, 3-4 December 2018

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2018 Article Open Access OPEN

Data from "Grey Literature citations in the age of Digital Repositories and Open Access"
Giannini S., Molino A.
The data collected is based on a sample corpus built on: a) the bibliographical references of articles in four journals over the years 2012-2014; b) the proceedings of two international conferences held in 2012 and 2014. The full text paper, presented at the International Conference Series on Grey Literature, measures grey citations in the years 2012, 2013 and 2014 and describes the features of GL documents mentioned in the areas Computational Linguistics and Computer Science and Engineering. The data from the study was collected and arranged in 2016. The original information was extracted directly from the primary sources, i.e. the bibliographical references of the articles published in the selected journals and proceedings. The dataset consists of all the analyzed bibliographical references of the chosen journals and proceedings accompanied by some informative classes processed to perform calculations and provide statistical information. It contains the number of bibliographic references and the number and percentages of usage of "grey" references and "grey" document types in the considered timespan. The data derived from this sample are suitable for different types of reuse and functional for anyone interested in citation analysis.Source: The Grey journal (Print) 14 (2018).

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.greynet.org Open Access


2018 Article Open Access OPEN

Grey Literature and Research Assessment Exercises: From the Current Criteria to the Open Science models
Giannini S., Deluca R., Molino A., Biagioni S.
In the recent years the application of strategies, procedures and tools to evaluate the research have become subject of interest and their application is currently matter of discussion. The assessment exercises are regulated at national level and are carried out in different European countries such as France, United Kingdom and The Netherlands. In Italy the first research assessment exercise has been legislated in 2003 and entrusted to a specific Committee named Comitato di Indirizzo per la Valutazione della Ricerca (CIVR)1. Three years later the CIVR and other committees have been replaced by a specific Agency named Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del Sistema Universitario e della Ricerca (ANVUR). This Agency, set up at the end of 2006, aims to «...rationalize the system of assessment of the quality of Universities, state and private Research Institutions beneficiary of public funds...» « The results of these activities managed by ANVUR represent a criteria to assign the state funds to Universities and Research Institutions». It is not hard to imagine that the effects of this type of exercise has a strong political implication and determines a significant economic impact on the future of Universities and Research Institutions. The debate concerning the adopted methods and critical aspects about the assessment exercises is studied thoroughly at international level. At the present time, ANVUR has completed two evaluation exercises of the quality of the research named Valutazione della Qualità della Ricerca (VQR): the first one spans the years 2004 - 2010; the second from 2011 to 2014. The work analyzes the environment of VQR in order to understand the organizational set-up, the operational models, the scientific areas involved in the process, the selection and evaluation criteria and indicators of the research products. The work looks at the environment of VQR in order to understand the organizational set-up, the operational models, the scientific Areas involved in the process and the selection and evaluation criteria of the research products. More in detail, our work analyzes and compares the evaluation exercises conducted in Italy with the aim of verifying if and how Grey Literature is involved in the research evaluation processes. The article checked the types of products admissible for the research assessment and those actually presented by the researchers of Universities and Research Institutions. We measured the products from a quantitative point of view and observed their ramification in the different disciplinary fields rather than their transformation during the period of time taken into consideration. At the same time, we focused on the Open Science movement in order to understand what could be its role within the research assessment exercises and how it could affect the future of scholarly scientific communication.Source: The Grey journal (Print) 14 (2018): 55–68.

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | greynet.org Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted


2018 Other Unknown

Sito web Biblioteca Area CNR Pisa
Volpini F., Giannini S., Molino A., D'Angelo C., Lombardi S., Falconetti L., Trentanni G.
Lo sviluppo del nuovo sito web nasce principalmente dall'esigenza di rimanere al passo con i tempi, sia dal punto di vista del restyling grafico, sia dalla necessità di fornire contenuti adeguati ai nuovi scenari in cui si muove la ricerca scientifica e ai cambiamenti in atto nelle modalità di comunicazione dei risultati della ricerca stessa. Non ultima motivazione è costituita dalla possibilità fornita dalle nuove tecnologie web che consentono di rendere maggiormente fruibile il sito anche da dispositivi mobili quali tablet e smartphone. Il sito è stato progettato e sviluppato sfruttando il CMS Joomla. Di seguito sono elencati i contributi forniti dai singoli autori per la realizzazione del progetto. - Alla fase di progettazione hanno partecipato Federico Volpini, Silvia Giannini, Anna Molino, Caterina D'Angelo e Gianluca Trentanni. - Caterina D'Angelo ha predisposto il server web sul quale Federico Volpini ha installato il CMS Joomla, ha collaborato all'organizzazione di alcuni contenuti e mantiene il server con il ruolo di amministratore. - Federico Volpini ha curato lo sviluppo del sito, in particolare del template e del modulo per la ricerca dei libri di testo. - I contenuti sono stati prodotti da Silvia Giannini e Anna Molino. Silvia Giannini ha curato i contenuti e l'inserimento degli stessi in italiano mentre Anna Molino ha curato la traduzione e l'inserimento in lingua inglese. - Stefania Lombardi ha curato i contenuti e la pubblicazione della sezione News. - Daniela Falconetti ha realizzato tutte le foto presenti nel banner, di cui è proprietaria. - Gianluca Trentanni ha curato la rielaborazione delle foto allo scopo di adattarle alla visualizzazione e, in alcunii casi, di ottenere effetti particolari.

See at: library.area.pi.cnr.it | CNR ExploRA


2018 Conference object Open Access OPEN

Grey Literature and Research Assessment Exercises: from the current criteria to the open science models
Giannini S., Deluca R., Molino A., Biagioni S.
In the recent years the application of strategies, procedures and tools to evaluate the research have become subject of interest and their application is currently matter of discussion. The assessment exercises are regulated at national level and are carried out in different European countries such as France, United Kingdom and The Netherlands. In Italy the first research assessment exercise has been legislated in 2003 and entrusted to a specific Committee named Comitato di Indirizzo per la Valutazione della Ricerca (CIVR)1. Three years later the CIVR and other committees have been replaced by a specific Agency named Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del Sistema Universitario e della Ricerca (ANVUR). This Agency, set up at the end of 2006, aims to «...rationalize the system of assessment of the quality of Universities, state and private Research Institutions beneficiary of public funds...» « The results of these activities managed by ANVUR represent a criteria to assign the state funds to Universities and Research Institutions». It is not hard to imagine that the effects of this type of exercise has a strong political implication and determines a significant economic impact on the future of Universities and Research Institutions. The debate concerning the adopted methods and critical aspects about the assessment exercises is studied thoroughly at international level. At the present time, ANVUR has completed two evaluation exercises of the quality of the research named Valutazione della Qualità della Ricerca (VQR): the first one spans the years 2004 - 2010; the second from 2011 to 2014. The work analyzes the environment of VQR in order to understand the organizational set-up, the operational models, the scientific areas involved in the process, the selection and evaluation criteria and indicators of the research products. The work looks at the environment of VQR in order to understand the organizational set-up, the operational models, the scientific Areas involved in the process and the selection and evaluation criteria of the research products. More in detail, our work analyzes and compares the evaluation exercises conducted in Italy with the aim of verifying if and how Grey Literature is involved in the research evaluation processes. The article checked the types of products admissible for the research assessment and those actually presented by the researchers of Universities and Research Institutions. We measured the products from a quantitative point of view and observed their ramification in the different disciplinary fields rather than their transformation during the period of time taken into consideration. At the same time, we focused on the Open Science movement in order to understand what could be its role within the research assessment exercises and how it could affect the future of scholarly scientific communication.Source: 19th International Conference on Grey Literature: Public Awareness and Access to Grey Literature, GL 2017; National Research Council of Italy, CNRRome; Italy; 23, pp. 11–25, Roma, Italy, 23-24 October 2017

See at: ceur-ws.org Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2017 Conference object Open Access OPEN

Grey Literature and Research Assessment exercises: from the current criteria to the Open Science models
Giannini S., Deluca R., Molino A., Biagioni S.
In the recent years the application of strategies, procedures and tools to evaluate the research have become subject of interest and their application is currently matter of discussion. The assessment exercises are regulated at national level and are carried out in different European countries such as France, United Kingdom and The Netherlands. In Italy the first research assessment exercise has been legislated in 2003 and entrusted to a specific Committee named Comitato di Indirizzo per la Valutazione della Ricerca (CIVR)1. Three years later the CIVR and other committees have been replaced by a specific Agency named Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del Sistema Universitario e della Ricerca (ANVUR). This Agency, set up at the end of 2006, aims to «...rationalize the system of assessment of the quality of Universities, state and private Research Institutions beneficiary of public funds...» « The results of these activities managed by ANVUR represent a criteria to assign the state funds to Universities and Research Institutions». It is not hard to imagine that the effects of this type of exercise has a strong political implication and determines a significant economic impact on the future of Universities and Research Institutions. The debate concerning the adopted methods and critical aspects about the assessment exercises is studied thoroughly at international level. At the present time, ANVUR has completed two evaluation exercises of the quality of the research named Valutazione della Qualità della Ricerca (VQR): the first one spans the years 2004 - 2010; the second from 2011 to 2014. The work analyzes the environment of VQR in order to understand the organizational set-up, the operational models, the scientific areas involved in the process, the selection and evaluation criteria and indicators of the research products. The work looks at the environment of VQR in order to understand the organizational set-up, the operational models, the scientific Areas involved in the process and the selection and evaluation criteria of the research products. More in detail, our work analyzes and compares the evaluation exercises conducted in Italy with the aim of verifying if and how Grey Literature is involved in the research evaluation processes. The article checked the types of products admissible for the research assessment and those actually presented by the researchers of Universities and Research Institutions. We measured the products from a quantitative point of view and observed their ramification in the different disciplinary fields rather than their transformation during the period of time taken into consideration. At the same time, we focused on the Open Science movement in order to understand what could be its role within the research assessment exercises and how it could affect the future of scholarly scientific communication.Source: Nineteenth International Conference on Grey Literature, pp. 17–22, Rome, Italy, 23-24 October 2017

See at: greyguide.isti.cnr.it Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access