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2021 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Discovering Location Based Services: a Unified Approach for Heterogeneous Indoor Localization Systems
Furfari F., Crivello A., Baronti P., Barsocchi P., Girolami M., Palumbo F., Quezada-gaibor D., Mendoza Silva G. M., Torres-sospedra J.
The technological solutions and communication capabilities offered by the Internet of Things paradigm, in terms of raising availability of wearable devices, the ubiquitous internet connection, and the presence on the market of service-oriented solutions, have allowed a wide proposal of Location Based Services (LBS). In a close future, we foresee that companies and service providers will have developed reliable solutions to address indoor positioning, as basis for useful location based services. These solutions will be different from each other and they will adopt different hardware and processing techniques. This paper describes the proposal of a unified approach for Indoor Localization Systems that enables the cooperation between heterogeneous solutions and their functional modules. To this end, we designed an integrated architecture that, abstracting its main components, allows a seamless interaction among them. Finally, we present a working prototype of such architecture, which is based on the popular Telegram application for Android, as an integration demonstrator. The integration of the three main phases -namely the discovery phase, the User Agent self-configuration, and the indoor map retrieval/rendering- demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed integrated architecture.Source: Internet of Things 13 (2021): 1–14. doi:10.1016/j.iot.2020.100334
DOI: 10.1016/j.iot.2020.100334
Project(s): A-WEAR via OpenAIRE

See at: CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.sciencedirect.com Open Access


2021 Journal article Open Access OPEN

COVID-19 & privacy: Enhancing of indoor localization architectures towards effective social distancing
Barsocchi P., Calabrò A., Crivello A., Daoudagh S., Furfari F., Girolami M., Marchetti E.
The way people access services in indoor environments has dramatically changed in the last year. The countermeasures to the COVID-19 pandemic imposed a disruptive requirement, namely preserving social distance among people in indoor environments. We explore in this work the possibility of adopting the indoor localization technologies to measure the distance among users in indoor environments. We discuss how information about people's contacts collected can be exploited during three stages: before, during, and after people access a service. We present a reference architecture for an Indoor Localization System (ILS), and we illustrate three representative use-cases. We derive some architectural requirements, and we discuss some issues that concretely cope with the real installation of an ILS in real-world settings. In particular, we explore the privacy and trust reputation of an ILS, the discovery phase, and the deployment of the ILS in real-world settings. We finally present an evaluation framework for assessing the performance of the architecture proposed.Source: Array 9 (2021). doi:10.1016/j.array.2020.100051
DOI: 10.1016/j.array.2020.100051
Project(s): CyberSec4Europe via OpenAIRE

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2020 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Design guidelines for an interactive 3D model as a supporting tool for exploring a cultural site by visually impaired and sighted people
Leporini B., Rossetti V., Furfari F., Pelagatti S., Quarta A.
Being able to explore and familiarise themselves with the structure and details of a cultural site before actually visiting it is fundamental for orienting visually impaired people during the visit; otherwise, it is particularly difficult to gain a global understanding of the structure and an overall impression of a square, a church, or a large monument. Our project addressed this problem by using low cost 3D models combined with audio descriptions to enable visually impaired users to explore the cultural site autonomously. Audio descriptions are organised into three groups (for historical, practical, and architectural information), and for each group, several tracks are recorded giving increasing levels of details. Users can easily navigate through the audio tracks to follow their tactile exploration by listening to the information they are most interested in. Relevant details are reproduced separately and linked to the main model via the audio tracks. A goal of our model is to enhance the understanding of the cultural site also for partially sighted as well as sighted people, making them able to appreciate the details of the architectural design using both visual and auditory senses. We exploited low-cost and partially open-source technologies, thus rendering our system easily replicable. We evaluated the interactive system with blind, partially sighted, and sighted users. Our user test confirmed the validity of our approach: (1) the 3D models and the tactile reproduction of details obtained via a low-cost 3D printing solution are well perceived by touch; (2) the semantic auditory information activated via perceptible buttons on demand and the different content levels for the audio tracks are suitable for an interactive, autonomous, and satisfying exploration; and (3) relevant details are well perceived. Finally, we propose guidelines to use in the 3D reproduction of buildings or large sites based on our experience.Source: ACM transactions on accessible computing 13 (2020). doi:10.1145/3399679
DOI: 10.1145/3399679

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing Restricted | ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing Restricted | ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing Restricted | ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted


2020 Conference article Open Access OPEN

A privacy-by-design architecture for indoor localization systems
Barsocchi P., Calabro A., Crivello A., Daoudagh S., Furfari F., Girolami M., Marchetti E.
The availability of mobile devices has led to an arising development of indoor location services collecting a large amount of sensitive information. However, without accurate and verified management, such information could become severe back-doors for security and privacy issues. We propose in this paper a novel Location-Based Service (LBS) architecture in line with the GDPR's provisions. For feasibility purposes and considering a representative use-case, a reference implementation, based on the popular Telegram app, is also presented.Source: 13th International Conference on the Quality of Information and Communications Technology (QUATIC 2020), pp. 358–366, Faro, Portugal, September 9-11, 2020
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-58793-2_29
Project(s): CyberSec4Europe via OpenAIRE

See at: link-springer-com-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | academic.microsoft.com Restricted | link.springer.com Restricted | link.springer.com Restricted


2020 Journal article Open Access OPEN

"Hi This Is NESTORE, Your Personal Assistant": Design of an Integrated IoT System for a Personalized Coach for Healthy Aging
Palumbo F., Crivello A., Furfari F., Girolami M., Mastropietro A., Manferdelli G., Röcke C., Guye S., Salvá Casanovas A., Caon M., Carrino F., Khaled O. A., Mugellini E., Denna E., Mauri M., Ward D., Subías-beltrán P., Orte S., Candea C., Candea G., Rizzo G.
In the context of the fourth revolution in healthcare technologies, leveraging monitoring and personalization across different domains becomes a key factor for providing useful services to maintain and promote well-being. This is even more crucial for older people, with aging being a complex multi-dimensional and multi-factorial process which can lead to frailty. The NESTORE project was recently funded by the EU Commission with the aim of supporting healthy older people to sustain their well-being and capacity to live independently. It is based on a multi-dimensional model of the healthy aging process that covers physical activity, nutrition, cognition, and social activity. NESTORE is based on the paradigm of the human-in-the-loop cyber-physical system that, exploiting the availability of Internet of Things technologies combined with analytics in the cloud, provides a virtual coaching system to support healthy aging. This work describes the design of the NESTORE methodology and its IoT architecture. We first model the end-user under several domains, then we present the NESTORE system that, analyzing relevant key-markers, provides coaching activities and personalized feedback to the user. Finally, we describe the validation strategy to assess the effectiveness of NESTORE as a coaching platform for healthy aging.Source: Frontiers in digital health (2020). doi:10.3389/fdgth.2020.545949
DOI: 10.3389/fdgth.2020.545949
Project(s): NESTORE via OpenAIRE

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2020 Report Restricted

KI-FOOT - Report sui dispositivi sensoristici e analisi dei risultati dei test
Tognetti A., Carbonaro N., Palumbo F., La Rosa D., Barsocchi P., Furfari F., Potortì F., Cassarà P.
Lo scopo di questo documento è riportare la descrizione delle attività progettuali svolte al fine di identificare e validare le soluzioni sensoristiche da integrare nella calzatura. In particolare, tenendo in considerazione le specifiche fornite nel precedente documento D1.1, sono stati considerati due tipologie di sensori: 1) sensori piezoresistivi per la rilevazione della forza di contatto piede-suolo; 2) sensori inerziali per l'analisi dinamica dei movimenti effettuati dal piede durante la camminata. Di queste due categorie di sensori vengono mostrate le principali caratteristiche, il loro principio di funzionamento e i risultati dei test effettuati.Source: KI-FOOT, Deliverable D2.2, 2020

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2019 Report Open Access OPEN

NESTORE - Definition of the indicators and metrics
Palumbo F., Crivello A., Mavilia F., Girolami M., Furfari F., Porcelli S., Manferdelli G., Mastropietro A., Rizzo G., Orte S., Subías P., Boquè N., Perego P., Mauri M., Röcke C., Guye S.
This report contains the description of the metrics and indicators used by the Decision Support System (DSS) for recommending and stimulating the user during the use of the NESTORE coaching system used to make healthier lifestyle choices. This document collects the outcomes of Task 4.1 - Algorithms for Short-term post-processing and extraction of indicators, whose objective is to extract knowledge from data streams generated by the NESTORE sensors and software applications. This kind of data is continuously mined to extract indicators about the NESTORE target domains identified in the WP2 activities, namely physiological, nutritional, cognitive and mental status and social behaviour of the user.Source: Project report, NESTORE, Deliverable D4.1, 2019
Project(s): NESTORE via OpenAIRE

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2019 Report Restricted

INTESA - Test ed integrazione del sistema per il monitoraggio della qualità e durata del sonno
Palumbo F., Baronti P., Crivello A., Ferro E., Furfari F., Potortì F., Russo D., La Rosa D.
In questo documento sono riportate le attività svolte nell'ambito dell'OO4 durante il secondo anno del progetto INTESA, mirate alla finalizzazione del sistema integrato di monitoraggio della qualità e durata del sonno. Durante questo periodo, partendo dall'architettura del sistema definita nel precedente documento D4.1.1, si è conclusa l'attività di sviluppo e sono stati effettuati i test per la verifica delle funzionalità del sistema e l'integrazione con gli altri componenti della piattaforma INTESA.Source: Project report, INTESA, Deliverable D4.1.2, 2019

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2019 Report Restricted

INTESA - Test ed integrazione del sistema per l'analisi stabilometrica
Palumbo F., Baronti P., Crivello A., Ferro E., Furfari F., Potortì F., Russo D., La Rosa D.
In questo documento sono riportate le attività svolte nell'ambito dell'OO4 durante il secondo anno del progetto INTESA. In questo periodo, partendo dall'architettura del sistema definita nel precedente documento D4.4.1, si è conclusa l'attività di sviluppo e sono stati effettuati i test per la verifica delle funzionalità del sistema e l'integrazione con gli altri componenti della piattaforma INTESA. Il sistema è stato installato con successo presso la RSA ed è rimasto attivo durante tutto il periodo di sperimentazione permettendo agli operatori ed al personale medico di attuare gli esercizi proposti dal protocollo INTESA con i soggetti partecipanti e fornendo ai servizi di monitoraggio di lungo periodo le informazioni raffinate previste.Source: Project report, INTESA, Deliverable D4.4.2, 2019

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2019 Report Restricted

KI-FOOT - Definizione dei requisiti e del design del prototipo
Palumbo F., Barsocchi P., Furfari F., Potortì F., Gotta A., Miori V., La Rosa D., Cassarà P., Tognetti A., Pellizzon M., Campigli L., Tesconi M., Zupone G., Petruzzi L.
Il documento contiene l'analisi dei requisiti del progetto e la definizione dei parametri biometrici/biomeccanici da rilevare, della piattaforma sensoristica necessaria, dell'interfaccia utente e il database per la memorizzazione delle informazioni.Source: Project report, KI-FOOT, Deliverable D1.1, 2019

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2019 Report Restricted

KI-FOOT - Report sulla definizione delle tecnologie di analisi dati e signal processing
Palumbo F., Barsocchi P., Furfari F., Potortì F., Gotta A., Miori V., La Rosa D., Cassarà P.
Lo scopo di questo documento è la rassegna dello stato dell'arte delle tecniche per l'analisi del cammino, in particolare per l'estrazione degli indicatori individuati nel precedente documento D1.1. Inoltre, considerando i sensori selezionati per l'installazione nella scarpa, sono illustrate le metodologie per adattare gli algoritmi disponibili in letteratura al contesto di Ki-Foot.Source: Project report, KI-FOOT, Deliverable D2.1, 2019

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2019 Report Restricted

INTESA - Test dei servizi di monitoraggio di lungo periodo ed interazione sociale
Delmastro F., Di Martino F., Distefano E., Valerio L., Bruno R., Campana M. G., Palumbo F., Baronti P., Crivello A., Ferro E., Furfari F., Potortì F., Russo D., La Rosa D.
Questo documento ha lo scopo di presentare i risultati dei test dei sistemi di monitoraggio di lungo periodo (come specificato nelle attività dell'OO5), con particolare riferimento agli algoritmi per l'identificazione degli indicatori di salute e benessere derivati dai monitoraggi di breve periodo che hanno permesso di effettuare un'analisi su lungo periodo per i soggetti volontari coinvolti. Inoltre, si presentano i dettagli della valutazione sperimentale del servizio di monitoraggio nutrizionale e composizione corporea, dei fattori di stress e delle interazioni sociali.Source: Project report, INTESA, Deliverable D5.3, 2019

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2019 Report Restricted

Progetto SIGS - Architettura del Sistema (D3.1)
Baronti P., Barsocchi P., Ferro E., Furfari F., Di Giandomenico F., La Rosa D., Mavilia F., Miori V., Potortì F., Ancillotti E., Bolettieri S., Borgia E., Bruno R., Piscione P., Valerio L.
In questo documento presentiamo i risultati dell'Attività 3.1: "Definizione dell'architettura del sistema ICT per la gestione del sistema edificio". In particolare, viene definita l'architettura generale della piattaforma ICT per la raccolta e gestione dei dati da dispositivi IoT. Inoltre, sono presentate le tecnologie principali che costituiscono la piattaforma ICT, sia in termini di protocolli di comunicazione che di piattaforma software per la gestione ed erogazione di servizi ad applicazioni distribuite. Infine, vengono presentati i modelli di interazione fra le varie componenti che costituiscono la piattaforma ICT e gli attori del sistema.Source: Project report, SIGS, Deliverable D3.1, 2019

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2019 Report Restricted

Progetto SIGS - Sistema di raccolta ed elaborazioni dati (D3.2)
Baronti P., Barsocchi P., Ferro E., Furfari F., Di Giandomenico F., La Rosa D., Mavilia F., Miori V., Potortì F., Ancillotti E., Bolettieri S., Borgia E., Bruno R., Piscione P., Valerio L.
In questo documento presentiamo i risultati dell'Attività 3.2: "Sviluppo della sensoristica per il monitoraggio dei consumi energetici" e dell'Attività 3.3: "Sviluppo del middleware di comunicazione e di gestione di grossi volumi da sensori eterogenei ". In particolare, vengono presentati i vari standard di comunicazione radio per dispositivi IoT che sono stati integrati nella nostra piattaforma, e per ogni tecnologia vengono descritti i sensori ed attuatori che sono integrati nella piattaforma. Inoltre, viene descritta l'architettura software dei componenti che permettono di integrare le diverse tecnologie di comunicazione IoT (ZigBee, ZWave e 6LoWPAN) con il Middleware di comunicazione e gestione dei dati di tipo publish/subscribe che è stato adottato come riferimento per la piattaforma ICT di raccolta e gestione dei dati. Infine, viene descritta l'architettura software della dashboard, cioè una applicazione web il cui scopo principale è la visualizzazione e manipolazione, attraverso un'interfaccia web, delle serie temporali e dei metadati dei dispositivi (sensori e attuatori) di una rete di sensori.Source: Project report, SIGS, Deliverable D3.2, 2019

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted


2019 Conference article Open Access OPEN

What is next for Indoor Localisation? Taxonomy, protocols, and patterns for advanced Location Based Services
Furfari F., Crivello A., Barsocchi P., Palumbo F., Potortì F.
Indoor localisation systems have been studied in the literature for more than ten years and nowadays are starting to approach the market. While technology is not mature yet, we can argue that the single biggest obstacle to wide adoption is the lack of standard ways to integrate different systems together. The missing pieces are a common taxonomy, definition of services, protocols. This work is an attempt to define what is next for indoor localisation systems in order to promote market adoption. It is a first high-level attempt at defining a taxonomy of indoor positioning systems, at outlining the main phases of a protocol for the utilisation of different cooperating indoor localisation systems, and at drawing a vision of services and applications in the close future.Source: 2019 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), 30 Sept.-3 Oct. 2019
DOI: 10.1109/ipin.2019.8911759

See at: ieeexplore.ieee.org Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | academic.microsoft.com Restricted | dblp.uni-trier.de Restricted | xplorestaging.ieee.org Restricted


2019 Report Open Access OPEN

Nestore - D3.2.2 - Environmental Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) prototypes
Palumbo F., Baronti P., Miori V., Potortì F., Crivello A., Girolami M., Furfari F., Denna E., Civiello M., Mauri M.
This document extends the deliverable D3.2.1 - Environmental Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) prototypes describing: i) the outcomes of the final iteration of the sensors selection for developing the environmental monitoring system of NESTORE; ii) the integrated system tests on the selected sensors. The selection followed the recommendations coming from the WP2 activities in terms of needed monitoring variables and unobtrusiveness. The document also presents the chosen technologies and their integration in the system using available off-the-shelf and custom devices by means of the Web of Things paradigm.Source: Project report, Nestore, Deliverable D3.2.2, 2019
Project(s): NESTORE via OpenAIRE

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2019 Conference article Open Access OPEN

Building a reference architecture for virtual research environments
Jeffery K. G., Meghini C., Concordia C., Furfari F.
Virtual Research Environments (VREs) aim to support multidisciplinary research and collaboration between researchers, but face great challenges from data heterogeneity, user experience issues, and fast changes to datasets. This complicates research on multidisciplinary societal challenges. The objective of this paper is to present a reference architecture and components that can be (re)used to construct a general, domain-specific or cross-domain enhanced VRE (e-VRE) that enhances FAIR-ness of data and process interoperability across research infrastructures. The e-VRE makes it easier to conduct multidisciplinary research by assisting the researcher in accessing and utilising the assets of research, commonly stored in digital Research Infrastructures. The reference architecture also reduces complexity by interfacing with research management systems.Source: IADIS Information Systems Conference (IS 2019), pp. 91–98, University of Applied Sciences, Heidelberglaan 15, Utrecht , The Netherlands, 11-13/04/2019
DOI: 10.33965/is2019_201905l012
Project(s): VRE4EIC via OpenAIRE

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2019 Conference article Open Access OPEN

A personalised virtual coach to counteract ageing decline: the H2020 NESTORE project
Guarneri M. R., Mastropietro A., Caon M., Maldonado Fernandez L., Furfari F., Andreoni G., Rizzo G.
Ageing population is growing faster in EU. ICT can provide solutions forActive Ageing; however, the success of novel ICT solutions depends on the userperception of their efficacy to support toward health promotion and global wellness.In this context, the H2020 project NESTORE (Non-intrusive Empowering Solutionsand Technologies for Older people to Retain Everyday life activity) will developan innovative, multidimensional, personalised e-coaching system to support healthyageing by: (1) Generating and sustaining motivation to take care of health; (2) Sug-gesting healthy nutrition and personalised physical and mental coaching, as well as social interaction, to prevent decline and preserve wellbeing. NESTORE started inSeptember 2017 and will last three years. It involves 16 partners from 7 European countries.Source: ForItAAL 2018 - Forum Italiano Ambient Assisted Living, pp. 3–11, Lecce, Italy, 2-4 July, 2018
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05921-7_1
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4530897
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4530898
Project(s): NESTORE via OpenAIRE

See at: Hes-so: ArODES Open Archive (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | academic.microsoft.com Restricted | dblp.uni-trier.de Restricted | link.springer.com Restricted | link.springer.com Restricted | link.springer.com Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted


2018 Conference article Open Access OPEN

Enabling access to cultural heritage for the visually impaired: an interactive 3D model of a cultural site
Rossetti V., Furfari F., Leporini B., Pelagatti S., Quarta A.
We have developed low cost interactive 3D models that improve access to architectural details of cultural sites for all, including people with vision impairments. Our approach uses rapid prototyping and 3D printing along with a very small single-board computer for automating user interaction. As a case study, we developed a prototype model of "Piazza dei Miracoli" (Pisa, Italy), the famous square where the Leaning Tower is located. The system is a combination of tactile information with audio descriptions to enable potential users to explore the artifact autonomously. We exploited low-cost and partially open-source technologies, thus rendering our system easily replicable. We evaluated the interactive system with a group of eight completely blind and partially sighted users. Our user test confirmed the validity of our approach: (1) the three-dimensional models and the tactile reproduction of details obtained via a low-cost 3D printing solution are well perceived by touch; (2) the semantic aural information activated via perceptible buttons on demand and the different content levels for the audio tracks are suitable for an interactive, autonomous and satisfying exploration.Source: The 9th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies (ANT 2018) / The 8th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Information Technology (SEIT-2018) / Affiliated Workshops, pp. 383–391, Porto, Portugal, May 8-11, 2018
DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2018.04.057

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2018 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Smart cultural site: an interactive 3D model accessible to people with visual impairment
Rossetti V., Furfari F., Leporini B., Pelagatti S., Quarta A.
In our study, we proposed a prototype of "Piazza dei Miracoli" (Pisa, Italy) as an intelligent 3D interface system aimed at improving the accessibility and usability of cultural sites for all, including people with vision impairment. We combine tactile information with audio tracks in order to enable potential users to explore the artifact autonomously. Low-cost and partially open-source technologies are two important features leading our approach, creating a system easily replicable. First, we designed some 3D source-based models to be printed with an additive manufacturing technology. Next, the 3D prototype has been linked to a Raspberry for handling a set of detailed audio tracks to enrich the tactile exploration with an interactive audio guide. A preliminary evaluation was conducted to test the proposed system in order to better refine its design.Source: IOP conference series. Materials science and engineering (Online) 364 (2018). doi:10.1088/1757-899X/364/1/012019
DOI: 10.1088/1757-899x/364/1/012019

See at: iopscience.iop.org Open Access | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Restricted | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Restricted | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Restricted | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Restricted | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Restricted | IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Restricted