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2021 Contribution to journal Open Access OPEN

Signals and Images in Sea Technologies
Moroni D., Salvetti O.
Source: Journal of marine science and engineering 41 (2021). doi:10.3390/jmse9010041
DOI: 10.3390/jmse9010041

See at: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | Hal-Diderot Restricted | Hal-Diderot Restricted | Hal-Diderot Restricted

2021 Contribution to conference Closed Access

Mediterranean diet mitigates acute mountain sickness
Agazzi G. C., Valoti P., Bastiani L., Denoth F., Pratali Ll., D'Angelo G., Carrara B., Parigi G. B., Malanninom., Spinelli A., Calderoli A., Orizio L., Giardini G., Salvetti O., Moroni D., Martinelli M., Mrakic Sposta S.
A pilot study was conducted in the framework of the Save the Mountains initiative, an education and sustainability project, promoted by Italian Alpine Club of Bergamo, Bergamo section of the National Alpine Association, Province of Bergamo, Observatory for the Bergamasque Mountains and Alpine and Speleological Rescue. As a part of this study, an anonymous online questionnaire was designed and prepared, collecting lifestyle information (eating habits, alcohol, tobacco, sleep, exercise) of the mountaineers in order to recommend specific measures useful for staying in mountain areas and for preventing individual risk factors related to lifestyle and Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): http://altamontagna.isti.cnr.it:8080/Stiledivita/. The study will continue the collection of questionnaire responses until at least the end of Summer 2021; at the time of writing (February 2021), 804 questionnaire responses were already collected and analyzed. The initial sample refers to the people who attended mountain huts in the Orobie Alps; then the online questionnaire form was publicly extended to other regions. About 99% of the interviewed people are Italian; the rest are Swiss, Polish, British and French people. Mean age is 48 years(+/-15), 62% males and 38% females. Only 8.8% of them answered they suffered from altitude sickness, but self-reported Lake Louise Score (LLS) classified the 21.3% of people with Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), light AMS 15,4% and severe AMS 5,8% (To assess AMS the original LLS questionnaire was used: AMS is classified as severe when a headache is present and the LLS is greater than 5, it is instead light when there is a headache and the LLS is between 3 and 5, else is normal). The Mediterranean Diet's adherence, collected as the frequency of food items consumption, was assessed by the MEDI-LITE score, a validated questionnaire, ranging from 0 to 13. In this sample, a median score of 8 was found, while the 25th percentile corresponds to a score lower than 6 and the 75th percentile to a score greater than 9. The 14% of the sample resulted in being not adherent to the Mediterranean diet, the 51% was in the mean, the 35% was adherent. This study confirms that the predisposing factor most associated with the AMS is "having had the same episode in the past" (OR 2.50, CI 1.88/3.13), having sleep disturbs (OR 1.29, CI 1.03 /1.55), age (OR -0.03, CI -0.35/-0.02). Moreover, it underlines that lifestyle is important with respect to risk to develop the AMS: actually, despite the structural limitations of surveys, this study pointed out that lifestyle contributes to mitigating the risk of developing the AMS (Mediterranean diet score OR - 0.34, CI -0.64 -> - 0.55). Gender, smoke and high physical activity are instead not significant. Future studies should investigate more deeply how lifestyle can change the impact on high altitude diseases.Source: ISMM2021 - Virtual XIII World Congress on mountain medicine, Online Conference, June 14-16, 2021

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2021 Report Closed Access

Effects of PC6 Nei guan stimulation on middle cerebral artery blood flow during acute normobaric hypoxia: results from a prospective crossover pilot study
Pecchio O., Martinelli M., Lupi G., Giardini G., Caligiana L., Bonin S., Scalese M., Salvetti O., Moroni D., Bastiani L.
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is significantly influenced by exposure to hypoxia, both hypobaric and normobaric. Alterations in cerebral blood flow can play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute mountain sickness (AMS) and its symptoms, especially headache, dizziness and nausea. Acupuncture has been proven to be effective in treating some cerebrovascular disorders and PC6 Nei Guan stimulation seems to enhance cerebral blood flow. Therefore we have hypothesized that PC6 Nei Guan stimulation could affect CBF in acute hypoxia and it could be used to contrast AMS symptoms. We evaluated blood flow in middle cerebral artery (MCA) in normoxia and after 15 minutes in normobaric hypoxia (FIO2 14% corresponding to 3,600 m.a.s.l.) in basal conditions and after PC6 Nei Guan stimulation, both by needle and by pressure. PC6 stimulation seems to counteract the effect of acute normobaric hypoxia on end-diastolic velocity (EDV) in MCA, especially after acupuncture and reduces significantly systolic and diastolic blood pressure. A re-balance of CBF could control some AMS symptoms, but further studies are necessary.Source: ISTI Working papers, 2021

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2021 Contribution to book Open Access OPEN

Signals and images in sea technologies
Moroni D., Salvetti O.
Life below water is the 14th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) envisaged by the United Nations and is aimed at conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. It is not difficult to argue that Signals and Image technologies may play an essential role in achieving the foreseen targets linked to SDG 14. Indeed, besides increasing general knowledge of ocean health by means of data analysis, methodologies based on signal and image processing can be helpful in environmental monitoring, in protecting and restoring ecosystems, in finding new sensor technologies for green routing and eco-friendly ships, in providing tools for implementing best practices for sustainable fishing, as well as in defining frameworks and intelligent systems for enforcing sea law and making the sea a safer and more secure place. Imaging is also a key element for the exploration of the underwater world for various scopes, ranging from the predictive maintenance of sub-sea pipelines and other infrastructures to the discovery, documentation and protection of the sunken cultural heritage. The main scope of this Special Issue has been to investigate the techniques and ICT approaches, and in particular the study and application of signal- and image-based methods and, in turn, to explore the advantages of their application to the main areas mentioned above.Source: Basel: MDPI AG, 2021
DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-0365-1355-3

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.mdpi.com Open Access

2021 Report Open Access OPEN

SI-Lab Annual Research Report 2020
Leone G. R., Righi M., Carboni A., Caudai C., Colantonio S., Kuruoglu E. E., Leporini B., Magrini M., Paradisi P., Pascali M. A., Pieri G., Reggiannini M., Salerno E., Scozzari A., Tonazzini A., Fusco G., Galesi G., Martinelli M., Pardini F., Tampucci M., Buongiorno R., Bruno A., Germanese D., Matarese F., Coscetti S., Coltelli P., Jalil B., Benassi A., Bertini G., Salvetti O., Moroni D.
The Signal & Images Laboratory (http://si.isti.cnr.it/) is an interdisciplinary research group in computer vision, signal analysis, smart vision systems and multimedia data understanding. It is part of the Institute for Information Science and Technologies of the National Research Council of Italy. This report accounts for the research activities of the Signal and Images Laboratory of the Institute of Information Science and Technologies during the year 2020.Source: ISTI Technical Report, ISTI-2021-TR/009, pp.1–38, 2021
DOI: 10.32079/isti-tr-2021/009

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access

2020 Contribution to conference Open Access OPEN

Augmented reality and intelligent systems in Industry 4.0
Benassi A., Carboni A., Colantonio S., Coscetti S., Germanese D., Jalil B., Leone R., Magnavacca J., Magrini M., Martinelli M., Matarese F., Moroni D., Paradisi P., Pardini F., Pascali M., Pieri G., Reggiannini M., Righi M., Salvetti O., Tampucci M.
Augmented reality and intelligent systems in Industry 4.0 - Presentazione ARTESSource: ARTES, 12/11/2020
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4277713
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4277712

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access

2020 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Optimized dislocation of mobile sensor networks on large marine environments using voronoi partitions
D'Acunto M., Moroni D., Puntoni A., Salvetti O.
The real-time environmental surveillance of large areas requires the ability to dislocate sensor networks. Generally, the probability of the occurrence of a pollution event depends on the burden of possible sources operating in the areas to be monitored. This implies a challenge for devising optimal real-time dislocation of wireless sensor networks. This challenge involves both hardware solutions and algorithms optimizing the displacements of mobile sensor networks in large areas with a vast number of sources of pollutant factors based mainly on diffusion mechanisms. In this paper, we present theoretical and simulated results inherent to a Voronoi partition approach for the optimized dislocation of a set of mobile wireless sensors with circular (radial) sensing power on large areas. The optimal deployment was found to be a variation of the generalized centroidal Voronoi configuration, where the Voronoi configuration is event-driven, and the centroid set of the corresponding generalized Voronoi cells changes as a function of the pollution event. The initial localization of the pollution events is simulated with a Poisson distribution. Our results could improve the possibility of reducing the costs for real-time surveillance of large areas, and other environmental monitoring when wireless sensor networks are involved.Source: Journal of marine science and engineering 8 (2020). doi:10.3390/jmse8020132
DOI: 10.3390/jmse8020132
Project(s): ARGOMARINE via OpenAIRE

See at: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted

2020 Report Closed Access

Forecasting industrial components life cycle: Futura Prototype 1
Martinelli M., Moroni D., Pardini F., Benassi A., Salvetti O.
The purpose of this research report is to describe the first working prototype able to forecast the life cycle of an industrial component by Futura S.p.A.Source: Project report, 2020

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2020 Report Closed Access

Barilla AgroSat+ Quarto aggiornamento
Benassi A., Bruno A., Galesi G., Moroni D., Pardini F., Ovidio Salvetti O., Martinelli M.
Prototipi vari per progetto Barilla Agrosat+.Source: Project report, AgroSat+, 2020

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2020 Book Open Access OPEN

Radiazioni Ionizzanti e Popolazione Generale - RadIoPoGe
Caramella D., Paolicchi F., Dore A., Feriani G., Aringhieri G., Pozzessere C., Di Coscio L., Marcheschi A., Grattadauria S., Bastiani L., Trivellini G., Serasini L., Banti D., Martinelli M., Benassi A., Galesi G., Pardini F., Salvetti O., Chiappino D., Micaela P., Rinaldi R., Della Latta D., Martini C., Curlo I., Rossi G., Cornacchione P., Giardina M., Carnevali F., Iacovone S., Pertoldi D., Favat M., Contato E., Pelati C., Baccarin F., Negro D., Pizzi M., Gelmi C., Carlevaris P., Rossato C., Ribaudo K., Ceccarelli M., Saba L., Muntoni E., Caoci D., Busonera C., Spano A., Tronci A., Mura M., Giannoni D., Tamburrino P., Leggieri V., Rizzo V., Farese R., Pastore S., Rossetti F., Nuzzi G., Calligari D., Cioce P., Di Fuccia G., Liparulo M., Petriccione G., Romano S., Stringile M., Travaglione G., Negri J., Marinelli E., Angelini G., Gerasia R., Lo Sardo C.
Report Finale progetto RadIoPoGe.Source: Roma: CNR, 2020

See at: CNR ExploRA Open Access

2019 Other Unknown

Conoscenze Popolazione Radiazioni - Sito del Progetto RadioPoGe
Martinelli M., Bastiani L., Paolicchi F., Salvetti O., Caramella D.
Aggiornamento del Sito web per il progetto "Conoscenze della popolazione sui rischi delle procedure radiologiche" dedicato alla raccolta e alla elaborazione dei dati per la valutazione delle conoscenze della popolazione in merito ai rischi delle procedure radiologiche e alla comprensione delle corrette modalità con cui comunicare tali rischi ai pazienti. Versione 1.3_4 del 2019-12-20

See at: CNR ExploRA | radiazioni.isti.cnr.it

2019 Report Closed Access

Deep learning in precision agriculture
Martinelli M., Benassi A., Pardini F., Righi M., Salvetti O., Moroni D.
The work described in this research report is part of the activities carried out within the Scientific Collaboration between the Laboratory of Signals and Images at CNR-ISTI and CNR-IBIMET.Source: Research report, 2019

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2019 Other Open Access OPEN

La telemedicina sulle montagne italiane il progetto e-Rés@mont
Martinelli M., Pratali L., Giardini G., La Monica D., Bastiani L., Fosson J. P., Bonin S., Cugnetto S., Fiorini A., Pernechele N., Ranfone M., Caligiana L., De La Pierre F., Stella M., Salvetti O., Moroni D.
Presentazione della Serata dedicata al Mal di Montagna e al progetto Europeo Interreg-Alcotra e-Rés@mont, organizzata dal Club Alpino Italiano sezione di Pisa presso il salone storico della Leopolda di Pisa

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA

2019 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Visible and infrared imaging based inspection of power installation
Jalil B., Pascali M. A., Leone G. R., Martinelli M., Moroni D., Salvetti O., Berton A.
The inspection of power lines is the crucial task for the safe operation of power transmission: its components require regular checking to detect damages and faults that are caused by corrosion or any other environmental agents and mechanical stress. During recent years, the use of Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle (UAV) for environmental and industrial monitoring is constantly growing and the demand for fast and robust algorithms for the analysis of the data acquired by drones during the inspections has increased. In this work, we use UAV to acquire power transmission lines data and apply image processing to highlight expected faults. Our method is based on a fusion algorithm for the infrared and visible power lines images, which is invariant to large scale changes and illumination changes in the real operating environment. Hence, different algorithms from image processing are applied to visible and infrared thermal data, to track the power lines and to detect faults and anomalies. The method significantly identifies edges and hot spots from the set of frames with good accuracy. At the final stage we identify hot spots using thermal images. The paper concludes with the description of the current work, which has been carried out in a research project, namely SCIADRO.Source: Pattern recognition and image analysis 29 (2019): 35–41. doi:10.1134/S1054661819010140
DOI: 10.1134/s1054661819010140

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Restricted | Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Restricted | Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Restricted | Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Restricted | Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted

2019 Report Closed Access

SCIADRO Algorithms for real-time object detection and recognition
Martinelli M., Benassi A., Salvetti O., Moroni D.
The purpose of this research report is to describe the final prototype implementing algorithms for real-time object detection and recognition.Source: Project report, SCIADRO, 2019

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2019 Conference article Open Access OPEN

A preliminary study for a marker-based crack monitoring in ancient structures
Germanese D., Pascali M. A., Berton A., Leone G. R., Jalil B., Moroni D., Salvetti O., Tampucci M.
Historical buildings are undeniably valuable documents of the history of the world. Their preservation has attracted considerable attention among modern societies, being a major issues both from economical and cultural point of view. This paper describes how image processing and marker-based application may support the long-term monitoring of crack patterns in the context of cultural heritage preservation, with a special focus on ancient structures. In detail, this work includes a state of the art about the most used techniques in structural monitoring, a description of the proposed methodology and the experimentation details. A discussion about the results and future works concludes the paper.Source: 2nd International Conference on Applications of Intelligent Systems, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, 07-09 January 2019
DOI: 10.1145/3309772.3309795

See at: dl.acm.org Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | academic.microsoft.com Restricted | dblp.uni-trier.de Restricted | dl.acm.org Restricted

2019 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Augmented Interaction Systems for Supporting Autistic Children. Evolution of a Multichannel Expressive Tool: The SEMI Project Feasibility Study
Magrini M., Curzio O., Carboni A., Moroni D., Salvetti O., Melani A.
Background: Over the past ten years, the authors have been designing, developing, and testing pervasive technology to support children with autism (ASD). Methods: In the present study, an integrated system based on multimedia and augmented interaction technologies have been tested on young subjects with ASD and dyspraxia in the age range of 6-10 years, in charge for rehabilitation treatments; a team of clinical psychologists has analyzed the results of the experimentation. The ten children involved in the project underwent an initial assessment of praxis skills and motor coordination. Subsequently, the subjects were subdivided into two subgroups: five children participated in the experimentation and five were evaluated as the control group (treatment as usual). Results: The evaluation showed an increased score in the several aspects considered, and particularly those related to motor coordination. An improvement in balancing tests and in hands-movement testing was found. Conclusion: The children involved in the sessions showed greater ability to self-control the movement as well as to select specific motor areas. The methods used seem to be promising to improve emotional and social skills too in a motivating and enjoyable climate. A high level of acceptance by professionals was observed and parents' feedback was also positive.Source: Applied sciences 9 (2019). doi:10.3390/app9153081
DOI: 10.3390/app9153081

See at: Applied Sciences Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Applied Sciences Open Access | Applied Sciences Open Access | Applied Sciences Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted

2019 Report Closed Access

Studio Pilota per la valutazione delle qualità psicometriche dello screening I-RSI-revised
Bastiani L., Nacci A., Fattori B., Benassi A., Pardini F., Salvetti O., Moroni D., Martinelli M.
Il presente documento fornisce la descrizione dell'indagine per la valutazione delle qualità psicometriche dello screening I-RSI-revised, base per la specifica della piattaforma Web di supporto alla gestione della raccolta ed elaborazione dei dati. Il lavoro è frutto della collaborazione tra l'Unità Operativa Otorinolaringoiatria, Audiologia e Foniatria dell'Università di Pisa, dagli Istituti di Fisiologia Clinica e da quello di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione.Source: ISTI Technical reports, 2019

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2019 Report Restricted

Stato di avanzamento del Progetto RadioPoGe
Martinelli M., Paolicchi F., Pardini F., Moroni D., Salvadori S., Salvetti O., Caramella D., Bastiani L.
Il presente documento descrive lo stato di avanzamento del progetto "Conoscenza della popolazione sulla radioprotezione e sulla dose radiante delle principali procedure radiologiche" (RadioPoGe) al 20/12/2019Source: Project report, RadioPoGe, 2019

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted

2019 Journal article Open Access OPEN

A pilot study of infrared thermography based assessment of local skin temperature response in overweight and lean women during oral glucose tolerance test
Bushra J., Hartwig V., Moroni D., Salvetti O., Benassi A., Jalil Z., Pistoia L., Tegrimi T., Minutoli S., Quinones-galvan A., Iervasi G., L'Abbate A., Guiducci L.
Obesity is recognized as a major public health issue, as it is linked to the increased risk of severe pathological conditions. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the relations between adiposity (and biophysical characteristics) and temperature profiles under thermoneutral conditions in normal and overweight females, investigating the potential role of heat production/dissipation alteration in obesity. We used Infrared Thermography (IRT) to evaluate the thermogenic response to a metabolic stimulus performed with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Thermographic images of the right hand and of the central abdomen (regions of interests) were obtained basally and during the oral glucose tolerance test (3 h OGTT with the ingestion of 75 g of oral glucose) in normal and overweight females. Regional temperature vs BMI, % of body fat and abdominal skinfold were statistically compared between two groups. The study showed that mean abdominal temperature was significantly greater in lean than overweight participants (34.11 +/- 0.70 degrees C compared with 32.92 +/- 1.24 degrees C, p < 0.05). Mean hand temperature was significantly greater in overweight than lean subjects (31.87 +/- 3.06 degrees C compared with 28.22 +/- 3.11 degrees C, p < 0.05). We observed differences in temperature profiles during OGTT between lean and overweight subjects: The overweight individuals depict a flat response as compared to the physiological rise observed in lean individuals. This observed difference in thermal pattern suggests an energy rate imbalance towards nutrients storage of the overweight subjects.Source: Journal of clinical medicine 8 (2019). doi:10.3390/jcm8020260
DOI: 10.3390/jcm8020260

See at: Journal of Clinical Medicine Open Access | Europe PubMed Central Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Journal of Clinical Medicine Open Access | Journal of Clinical Medicine Open Access | Journal of Clinical Medicine Open Access | Journal of Clinical Medicine Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted