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2021 Bachelor thesis Open Access OPEN

PsicoTableau: sperimentazione artistica sui livelli di attivazione e valenza emotiva attuata mediante sensori biomedici
Ratto C.
Questo lavoro di tesi consiste nello studio e nella realizzazione di un'installazione audiovisiva reattiva allo stato emotivo del visitatore. Sebbene il lavoro si inserisca in un panorama ormai ben consolidato come quello delle arti elettroniche interattive, la particolare modalità di interazione uomo-macchina che utilizza la caratterizza sufficientemente da renderla sicuramente non comune. Laddove la maggior parte delle opere interattive presuppone di utilizzare la presenza fisica e la gestualità per attivare e/o controllare i contenuti, siano essi audio video o cinetici, in questo lavoro si è scelto di utilizzare lo stato emotivo come impalpabile catalizzatore dei media. La filosofia adottata sposta quindi il valore estetico dell'opera dagli aspetti più "retinici" a quelli più concettuali: è il meccanismo in sé che costituisce l'operazione estetica, non (solo) i risultati/output che produce e controlla.

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | www.youtube.com Open Access


2021 Report Open Access OPEN

Una metodologia di sviluppo di applicazioni di realtà aumentata per i beni culturali applicata ad un caso di studio: il Parco di Pinocchio
Matarese F., Magnavacca J., Magrini M.
Il documento descrive la metodologia di sviluppo delle applicazioni di realta' aumentata adottata nel progetto VERO, Virtualità Interattiva nel Parco di Pinocchio.Source: ISTI Technical Report, ISTI-2021-TR/004, 2021
DOI: 10.32079/isti-tr-2021/004

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2021 Journal article Open Access OPEN

A System for Neuromotor Based Rehabilitation on a Passive Robotic Aid
Righi M., Magrini M., Dolciotti C., Moroni D.
In the aging world population, the occurrence of neuromotor deficits arising from stroke and other medical conditions is expected to grow, demanding the design of new and more effective approaches to rehabilitation. In this paper, we show how the combination of robotic technologies with progress in exergaming methodologies may lead to the creation of new rehabilitation protocols favoring motor re-learning. To this end, we introduce the Track-Hold system for neuromotor rehabilitation based on a passive robotic arm and integrated software. A special configuration of weights on the robotic arm fully balances the weight of the patients' arm, allowing them to perform a purely neurological task, overcoming the muscular effort of similar free-hand exercises. A set of adaptive and configurable exercises are proposed to patients through a large display and a graphical user interface. Common everyday tasks are also proposed for patients to learn again the associated actions in a persistent way, thus improving life independence. A data analysis module was also designed to monitor progress and compute indices of post-stroke neurological damage and Parkinsonian-type disorders. The system was tested in the lab and in a pilot project involving five patients in the post-stroke chronic stage with partial paralysis of the right upper limb, showing encouraging preliminary results.Source: Sensors (Basel) 21 (2021). doi:10.3390/s21093130
DOI: 10.3390/s21093130

See at: Europe PubMed Central Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Sensors Open Access | Sensors Open Access


2021 Report Open Access OPEN

SI-Lab Annual Research Report 2020
Leone G. R., Righi M., Carboni A., Caudai C., Colantonio S., Kuruoglu E. E., Leporini B., Magrini M., Paradisi P., Pascali M. A., Pieri G., Reggiannini M., Salerno E., Scozzari A., Tonazzini A., Fusco G., Galesi G., Martinelli M., Pardini F., Tampucci M., Buongiorno R., Bruno A., Germanese D., Matarese F., Coscetti S., Coltelli P., Jalil B., Benassi A., Bertini G., Salvetti O., Moroni D.
The Signal & Images Laboratory (http://si.isti.cnr.it/) is an interdisciplinary research group in computer vision, signal analysis, smart vision systems and multimedia data understanding. It is part of the Institute for Information Science and Technologies of the National Research Council of Italy. This report accounts for the research activities of the Signal and Images Laboratory of the Institute of Information Science and Technologies during the year 2020.Source: ISTI Technical Report, ISTI-2021-TR/009, pp.1–38, 2021
DOI: 10.32079/isti-tr-2021/009

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2021 Report Restricted

SPaCe - Documento di studio e definizione delle tecnologie e degli algoritmi di analitica del trasporto pubblico
Pardini F., Carbonia., Leone G. R., Magrini M., Moroni D.
Nel contesto del progetto Space in questo documento verrà presentato uno studio e la definizione delle tecnologie applicabili al trasporto pubblico. I casi d'uso di interesse sono principalmente due: il caso d'uso su gomma, con riferimento a mezzi tipo bus cittadini, e il caso d'uso su rotaia, in riferimento al trasporto ferroviario. Gli obiettivi sono molteplici e riguardano principalmente il comportamento dei passeggeri a bordo o in attesa dei mezzi, la ricostruzione di un viaggio che consiste nella concatenazione di tratte effettuate su mezzi diversi, il controllo degli oggetti e il monitoraggio dello stato dei mezzi sia per questioni di sicurezza che di manutenzione degli stessi. In generale sono state identificate due macro aree di riferimento: Controllo degli spazi e Controllo dei passeggeri.Source: ISTI Project report, SPaCe, D1.4.1, 2021

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted


2020 Contribution to conference Open Access OPEN

Augmented reality and intelligent systems in Industry 4.0
Benassi A., Carboni A., Colantonio S., Coscetti S., Germanese D., Jalil B., Leone R., Magnavacca J., Magrini M., Martinelli M., Matarese F., Moroni D., Paradisi P., Pardini F., Pascali M., Pieri G., Reggiannini M., Righi M., Salvetti O., Tampucci M.
Augmented reality and intelligent systems in Industry 4.0 - Presentazione ARTESSource: ARTES, 12/11/2020
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4277713
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4277712

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2020 Report Open Access OPEN

Un sistema per la riabilitazione neuromotoria basato su di un ausilio robotico passivo
Magrini M., Righi M., Moroni D., Dolciotti C.
Il laboratorio Segnali ed Immagini dell'Istituto ISTI del CNR di Pisa, in collaborazione con Wearable Robotics ha sviluppato un sistema HW/SW orientato alla riabilitazione di soggetti con problemi neuro-motori, in particolare derivanti da situazioni post-ictus. Gli esercizi riabilitativi consentiti dal sistema, compiuti sotto la guida di un operatore, si basano sulla manipolazione di un dispositivo HW (Track-Hold di Wearable Robotics) che permette l'esecuzione di movimenti scaricando il peso dell'arto superiore, in modo da rendere l'esercizio puramente neurologico e non faticoso per l'apparato muscolare. Il controllo dell'esecuzione degli esercizi viene fornito da un apposito software realizzato da ISTI, in grado di analizzare i movimenti compiuti e di fornire una valutazione delle capacità neuromotorie del soggetto.Source: ISTI Technical Reports 2020/010, 2020, 2020
DOI: 10.32079/isti-tr-2020/010

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2020 Conference article Open Access OPEN

Pilot study on music-heart entrainment in a pianist during a live performance
Sebastiani L., Magrini M., Orsini P., Mastorci F., Pingitore A., Paradisi P.
Entrainment between music features and heart rhythms have been reported but, to date, evidence in support of music-heart synchronization are still inconsistent. We studied the possible music-heart entrainment in a skilled pianist during a live performance before an audience. We recorded ECG before and during the concert. We derived the beat-to-beat RR time series and analyzed heart rate variability in the time domain and with non linear analysis, to evaluate the autonomic changes associated with 4 different music pieces. Results indicated an autonomic modulation specific for each piece and the decrease and increase of parasympathetic and sympathetic tone across the whole session. Also, for each music piece, analysis of correlation between the music envelope and the RR series revealed a negative correlation which could be the expression of the entrainment of music on heart rhythm.Source: 11th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations: Computation and Modelling in Physiology: New Challenges and Opportunities (ESGCO 2020), pp. 1–2, Pisa, 15 July 2020
DOI: 10.1109/esgco49734.2020.9158149

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | academic.microsoft.com Restricted | ieeexplore.ieee.org Restricted | ieeexplore.ieee.org Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted | xplorestaging.ieee.org Restricted


2020 Other Open Access OPEN

Un exhibit interattivo dimostratore del Sistema TAU2/TAUMUS
Magrini M., Tarabella L., Bertini G.
Il TAU2 consisteva di due parti distinte: una unità digitale e una unità analogica. L'unità digitale era collegata al sistema IBM 370/167 e tramite il software TAUMUS da cui riceveva in data-streaming, una sorta di midi-file ante-litteram, i dati utilizzati per alimentare pilotare l'unità analogica. La generazione del segnale audio era basata sulla sintesi additiva tramite oscillatori sinusoidali analogici: la polifonia era costituita da dodici voci, distribuite su tre uscite audio con quattro note e sette armoniche ciascuna, con possibilità di variare ogni 1/100 di secondo i valori di ampiezza e durata di tutti i parametri. Nell'occasione del 50esimo dell'Informatica a Pisa è stato realizzato un dimostratore in grado di simulare in modo interattivo una tipica sessione al terminale del TAU2.

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2020 Software Unknown

TAUmus-Workbench
Grossi P., Tarabella L., Bertini G., Magrini M., Montangero C., Bussi L.
TAUmus is the software controlling the real-time computer-music system TAU2-TAUMUS, developed in the 70's of the XX century at IEI and CNUCE in Pisa under the leadership of Maestro P. Grossi . Thanks to the SWHAP@Pisa project under the framework of the UNESCO initiative https://www.softwareheritage.org/ Software Heritage, the software has been carefully collected and organized together with original raw materials. The repository has a branch containing a small excerpt of the development history of the source code: some samples of session scripts that use the TAUmus commands to generate computer music on the audio-terminal TAU2 and a few IBM 360 FORTRAN files from the TAUmus command interpreter itself.

See at: github.com | CNR ExploRA


2019 Report Restricted

INTESA - Risultati della validazione e sperimentazione del dimostratore
Magrini M., Coscetti S., Palumbo F., La Rosa D., Delmastro F., Di Martino F., Distefano E., Valerio L., Bruno R., Campana M. G., Dolciotti C., Esa Systems S. R. L., Kell S. R. L.
In questo documento si descrive la fase di validazione e sperimentazione del dimostratore su utenti reali. ln particolare, si descrivono le varie fasi della sperimentazione e le performance ottenute dai vari sistemi di monitoraggio ed analisi di lungo periodo sui dati raccolti nel periodo di sperimentazione, che include la assistenza agli utenti primari reali e l'interazione con utenti secondari (caregiver).Source: Project report, INTESA, Deliverable D6.1, 2019

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted


2019 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Augmented Interaction Systems for Supporting Autistic Children. Evolution of a Multichannel Expressive Tool: The SEMI Project Feasibility Study
Magrini M., Curzio O., Carboni A., Moroni D., Salvetti O., Melani A.
Background: Over the past ten years, the authors have been designing, developing, and testing pervasive technology to support children with autism (ASD). Methods: In the present study, an integrated system based on multimedia and augmented interaction technologies have been tested on young subjects with ASD and dyspraxia in the age range of 6-10 years, in charge for rehabilitation treatments; a team of clinical psychologists has analyzed the results of the experimentation. The ten children involved in the project underwent an initial assessment of praxis skills and motor coordination. Subsequently, the subjects were subdivided into two subgroups: five children participated in the experimentation and five were evaluated as the control group (treatment as usual). Results: The evaluation showed an increased score in the several aspects considered, and particularly those related to motor coordination. An improvement in balancing tests and in hands-movement testing was found. Conclusion: The children involved in the sessions showed greater ability to self-control the movement as well as to select specific motor areas. The methods used seem to be promising to improve emotional and social skills too in a motivating and enjoyable climate. A high level of acceptance by professionals was observed and parents' feedback was also positive.Source: Applied sciences 9 (2019). doi:10.3390/app9153081
DOI: 10.3390/app9153081

See at: Applied Sciences Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Applied Sciences Open Access | Applied Sciences Open Access | Applied Sciences Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted | Hyper Article en Ligne Restricted


2019 Journal article Open Access OPEN

Experimenting mobile and e-health services with frail MCI older people
Delmastro F., Dolciotti C., La Rosa D., Di Martino F., Magrini M., Coscetti S., Palumbo F.
The ageing population has become an increasing phenomenon world-wide, leading to a growing need for specialised help. Improving the quality of life of older people can lower the risk of depression and social isolation, but it requires a multi-dimensional approach through continuous monitoring and training of the main health domains (e.g., cognitive, motor, nutritional and behavioural). To this end, the use of mobile and e-health services tailored to the user's needs can help stabilise their health conditions, in terms of physical, mental, and social capabilities. In this context, the INTESA project proposes a set of personalised monitoring and rehabilitation services for older people, based on mobile and wearable technologies ready to be used either at home or in residential long-term care facilities. We evaluated the proposed solution by deploying a suite of services in a nursing home and defining customised protocols to involve both guests (primary users) and nursing care personnel (secondary users). In this paper, we present the extended results obtained after the one-year period of experimentation in terms of technical reliability of the system, Quality of Experience, and user acceptance for both the user categories.Source: Information (Basel) 10 (2019). doi:10.3390/info10080253
DOI: 10.3390/info10080253

See at: Information Open Access | Information Open Access | Information Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | Information Open Access | Information Open Access | Information Open Access


2018 Report Restricted

A prototype of a wearable, wireless system for measuring leg strength
Magrini M., Righi M., Carboni A., Martinelli M., Pardini F.
This technical report describes the R&D activity regarding the realization of a prototype of a wearable wireless device which records the characteristics of body movements. The device is connected via Bluetooth to a smartphone, able to display the acceleration curves and send the recorded data to a server for storage, further processing and analysis.Source: ISTI Technical reports, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted


2018 Report Open Access OPEN

Sistema interattivo dedicato all'attività motoria e cognitiva assistita
Magrini M., Barcaro U., Dolciotti C.
In questo documento è descritto un sistema informatico di ausilio all'attività motoria e cognitiva assistita svolta presso una residenza sociale assistita (RSA). Tale attività viene svolta bisettimanalmente, con l'aiuto degli operatori, da soggetti con patologie lievi o moderate. Il sistema è stato integrato nei servizi previsti dal progetto regionale INTESA.Source: Project report, INTESA, 2018

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2018 Report Closed Access

Intelligent approaches to fitness and well-being guidance
Martinelli M., Carboni A., Magrini M., Benassi A., Salvetti O.
The purpose of this research is to offer a complete picture on the use of assistive technologies in general, artificial intelligence and machine learning methods, for the determination of behaviors and decisions aimed at optimizing the analysis of the physical performance of the athlete. The solutions discussed can be merged to implement a system able to propose, automatically and dynamically, training plans linked to the physical and psychological conditions of the athletes. However, the treatment is also addressed to a possible application to different person categories, such as people performing normal physical activities, the elderly, disabled and ore in general people suffering from psycho-motor and muscular pathologies with the aim of improving skeletal muscle physio aspects.Source: Project report, 2018

See at: CNR ExploRA Restricted


2018 Conference article Open Access OPEN

INTESA: an integrated ICT solution for promoting wellbeing in older people
Barcaro U., Barsocchi P., Crivello A., Delmastro F., Di Martino F., Distefano E., Dolciotti C., La Rosa D., Magrini M., Palumbo F.
As populations become increasingly aged, it is more important than ever to promote "Active Ageing" life styles among older people. Age-related frailty can influence an individual's physiological state making him more vulnerable and prone to dependency or reduced life expectancy. These health issues contribute to an increased demand for medical and social care, thus economic costs. In this context, the INTESA project aims at developing a holistic solution for older adults, able to prolong their functional and cognitive capacity by empowering, stimulating, and unobtrusively monitoring the daily activities according to well-defined "Active Ageing" life-style protocols.Source: AI*AAL.it 2017 Artificial Intelligence for Ambient Assisted Living, pp. 102–117, Bari, Italy, 16-17/11/2017

See at: ceur-ws.org Open Access | ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access


2018 Other Open Access OPEN

Ultrageo
Righi M., Leone G. R., Magrini M., Martinelli M., Moroni D., Della Pina F., Guidi R.
Questo documento descrive il lavoro scientifico di ricerca e il suo sviluppo denominato "UltraGEO". UltraGEO e? il cuore di un'idea nata dal Laboratorio Segnali e Immagini (SILab) dell'Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche con sede a Pisa e dal Comune di Massa. UltraGEO si propone come un nuovo sistema per il controllo degli smottamenti del terreno e delle frane. Per la misura degli smottamenti questo progetto di R&D prevede la realizzazione di un prototipo costituito da una rete di nodi attivi e passivi. I nodi sono adattivi in base alle caratteristiche dell'ambiente dove sono inseriti: basati su marker grafici (nodi passivi) oppure basati su marker con basse emissioni di segnali elettromagnetici e/o acustici (nodi attivi). UltraGEO e? progettato per essere modulare e utilizzabile in zone difficilmente accessibili, anche dove non vi e? nessuna sorgente di energia elettrica e non e? possibile dotare il nodo di batterie e pannelli solari. UltraGEO ha caratteristiche che vertono alla semplificazione dell'installazione dei sensori rispetto alle attuali tecnologie, riducendone i costi e semplificandone l'utilizzo nel breve e lungo periodo.DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1492760

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA


2018 Contribution to conference Open Access OPEN

Electronic noses for healthcare applications
Germanese D., Colantonio S., D'Acunto M., Magrini M., Righi M., Salvetti O.
Breath analysis allows for monitoring the metabolic processes that occur in human body in a non-invasive way. Comparing with other traditional methods such as blood test, breath analysis is harmless to not only the subjects but also the personnel who collect the samples. However, despite its great potential, only few breath tests are commonly used in clinical practice nowadays. Breath analysis has not gained a wider use yet. One of the main reasons is related to standard instrumentation for gas analysis. Standard instrumentation, such as gas chromatography, is expensive and time consuming. Its use, as well as the interpretation of the results, often requires specialized personnel. E-nose systems, based on gas sensor array, are easier to use and able to analyze gases in real time, but, although cheaper than a gas chromatograph, their cost remains high. During our research activity, we designed and developed the so called Wize Sniffer (WS), a device able to accurately analyze human breath composition and, at the same time, to overcome the limitations of existing instrumentation for gas analysis. The idea of the Wize Sniffer was born in the framework of SEMEiotic Oriented Technology for Individual's CardiOmetabolic risk self-assessmeNt and Self-monitoring (SEMEOTICONS, www.semeoticons.eu) European Project, and it was designed for detecting, in human breath, those molecules related to the noxious habits for cardio-metabolic risk. The clinical assumption behind the Wize Sniffer lied in the fact that harmful habits such as alcohol consumption, smoking, unhealthy diet cause a variation in the concentration of a set of molecules (among which carbon monoxide, ethanol, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide) in the exhaled breath. Therefore, the goal was to realize a portable and easy-to-use device, based on cheap electronics, to be used by anybody at their home. The main contributions of the work were the following: design and development of a portable, low cost, customizable, easy to use device, able to be used in whichever context of use: we succeeded in this with using cheap commercial discrete gas sensors and an Arduino board; development of a method to analyze breath composition and understand individual's cardio-metabolic risk; we also validated it with success on real people. Given such good outcomes, we wanted the Wize Sniffer took a further step forward, towards the diagnosis in particular. The application field regarded the chronic liver impairment, as the studies which involve e-nose systems in the identification of liver disease are still few. In addition, the diagnosis of liver impairment often requires very invasive clinical test (biopsy, for instance). In this proof-of-concept study, the Wize Sniffer showed good diagnosis-oriented properties in discriminating the severity of liver disease (absence of disease, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatic encephalopathy) on the base of the detected ammonia.Source: Conferenza di Dipartimento CNR-DIITET Area Strategica: AS.10 - INGEGNERIA DEI SISTEMI E DELLE COMUNICAZIONI, Energy Center, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy, 14 November 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1492792
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1492791
Project(s): SEMEOTICONS via OpenAIRE

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | CNR ExploRA Open Access | ZENODO Open Access | zenodo.org Open Access


2018 Conference article Open Access OPEN

Long-term care: how to improve the quality of life with mobile and e-health services
Delmastro F., Dolciotti C., Palumbo F., Magrini M., Di Martino F., La Rosa D., Barcaro U.
In the last decade, ageing has become a worldwideincreasing phenomenon leading to an increased need forspecialised help. Continuous monitoring, training and rehabilitationimprove the quality of life of older adults and discardthe risk of depression and social isolation. To this end, the useof mobile and e-health personalised services at home and inresidential long-term care facilities can help to stabilise the healthconditions of the subjects, in terms of physical, mental, and socialcapabilities. In this context, we propose a set of personalisedmonitoring and rehabilitation services based on mobile, wearable,free contact, and touch screen technologies designed to providean integrated care and monitoring programme for elderly frailsubjects. We evaluated the proposed solutions by deploying theservices in a nursing home in Italy and defined customisedprotocols to involve both guests (primary users) and nursing carepersonnel (secondary users). In this paper, we present technicaldetails of the proposed solutions and the results obtained by therecently conducted surveys on the Quality of Experience anduser acceptance of both user categories after 4 months from thedeployment.Source: International Workshop on e-Health Pervasive Wireless Applications and Services 2018, in conjunction with 14th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob 2018), pp. 12–19, Limassol, Cyprus, 15-17 October 2018
DOI: 10.1109/wimob.2018.8589157

See at: ISTI Repository Open Access | academic.microsoft.com Restricted | dblp.uni-trier.de Restricted | ieeexplore.ieee.org Restricted | CNR ExploRA Restricted | xplorestaging.ieee.org Restricted